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Palazzolo Acreide

Palazzolo Acreide is a town and comune of in the Province of Syracuse, Sicily . It is 43km from the city of Syracuse in the Hyblean Mountains.HistoryThe area around Palazzolo Acreide was settled by humans since very ancient times. In the 11th-10th centuries BC, the Siculi lived here in small villages. The town occupies the site of the ancient Akrai (Latin Acrae), founded by Syracuse about 664 BC. The city was important as it controlled the paths of communication with the towns on the southern coast of the island. According to Thucydides, the Syracusans defeated the Athenians here in 413 BC.In the treaty between the Romans and Hiero II of Syracuse in 263 BC it was assigned to the latter. After the Roman conquest, it became a civitas stipendiaria, and was still prospering in the course of the early Christian age.The old city was probably destroyed by the Arabs, in the first half of the 9th century. The new city was built around a Norman castle, no longer extant. An earthquake in 1693 destroyed almost all of the city, which was slowly rebuilt in the following centuries.
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