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Forte Spagnolo, L'Aquila
(4.1/5 based on 90 reviews on the web)
The Forte Spagnolo is a Renaissance castle in L'Aquila, central Italy.HistoryIn the 15th century, L'Aquila had become the second most powerful city in the Kingdom of Naples after Naples itself: there were half a million sheep, wool and saffron were exported throughout Europe; all this was lost when the Aquilans, during the war between the French and the Spaniards for the throne of Naples, sided with the French. In 1504 Aquila was occupied by the Spanish conquerors, though in 1527 the French recovered the city with the support of the citizens and the surrounding town. One year later Viceroy Philibert of Orange, ruling for King Charles V of Spain, finally defeated the Aquilan rebels and ordered the city to build a fortress in the highest spot North of the city, exactly where in 1401 King Ladislaus had built a garrison to control the unruly and rebellious Aquilans.The project was entrusted to a Spanish architect, Pedro Luis Escrivà, an expert of firearms, who had begun to build Castel Sant'Elmo in Naples. The discovery of gunpowder obliged to new methods of defensive construction. Escrivà was in charge of the project for 2 years, leaving the task to Gian Girolamo Escribà.In the following 30 years the heavy taxes necessary to build the fortress impoverished the city, which in 1567 begged the Spaniards to stop the construction; the Royal Court granted the request, and works were interrupted, so parts of the castle were never completed. The fortress had cost an enormous sum for the times, and Aquila was obliged also to sell the thick silver case containing the body of St. Bernardino of Siena.
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Reviews
TripAdvisor
  • Majesty first feeling, long-awaited surprise to be in a hilltop fortified by different shapes, austere, angular to intrusion to the Castle. Once the restructuring Bill to go back to admire the interiors. All around a few major steps glimpses of capital that must return as soon as possible example and historical and cultural curriculum.
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  • I never got a chance to inspect it inside but from outside is truly beautiful and majestic! It was built over a grandiose project to strengthen the territory's military occurred during the Spanish domination in southern Italy in the first half of the 16th century. Council spending, deserves!
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  • Beautiful fort m in any case around it to run with a nice park. Unfortunately due to renovation by earthquakes not visitable. Very L'aquilla is a construction site. Wait a few more years I think.
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