Grumentum, Grumento Nova

Grumentum was an ancient Roman city in the centre of Lucania, in what is now the comune of Grumento Nova, c. 50km south of Potenza by the direct road through Anxia, and 80km by the Via Herculia, at the point of divergence of a road eastward to Heraclea.The main public buildings of the city have been excavated and are in excellent condition.HistoryThe first Lucanian settlements in the area date from the 6th century BC. The site was founded by the Romans in the 3rd century BC during the Samnite Wars as a fortified vanguard. The position was chosen to control important routes (one of which became the via Herculia in the late 200s AD). In 215 BC the Carthaginian general Hanno was defeated under its walls at the Battle of Grumentum, but in 207 BC Hannibal made it his headquarters.In the Social War it was a strong fortress, and seems to have been held by both sides at different times but was sacked by Italic tribes. It became a colony, perhaps in the time of Sulla, at the latest under Augustus, and became important.
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  • Small archaeological site, still largely unexcavated, where were found a few interesting elements typical of the Roman cities. In particular, this is a city born "Lucana" around the V-VI century BC and later incorporated under Roman rule in the third century B.c. In the archaeological site you can see a typical Roman road (decumanus) paved a donkey, with obvious signs of passing of dear, a well preserved (and partially reconstructed), a domus patrizia with some interesting mosaics and some temples in good condition. With the same ticket (which costs just €2.50) you can visit the small Museum near the site, which contains artifacts from the site itself, as well as many other artifacts found in the surrounding area. These finds from prehistoric times, passing from the Neolithic age, then bronze, and finally that of iron, until Roman times, showing how it is formed, recognized and developed the population Luke, later incorporated in the domain of Rome. Overall a site that is definitely worth a visit.
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  • One of the best preserved archaeological sites in southern Italy. You notice how the keepers we take to preserve these ruins really striking that demonstrate the importance of this area in Roman times. Paltry ticket price (euro 2.50 more ruins Museum).
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  • Grumentum Archaeological Park is worth visiting, it's like living in the past, going back two thousand years ... and then the place is surrounded by greenery, with a panorama favoloso.....e.il everything is well kept ...
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  • Important archaeological area and complete with its well preserved amphitheatre and theatre
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  • Clean and friendly place. Dated furniture.
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