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Grumentum, Grumento Nova

(2.3/5 based on 45+ reviews on the web)
Grumentum was an ancient town in the centre of Lucania, in what is now the comune of Grumento Nova, c. 50km south of Potenza by the direct road through Anxia, and 80km by the Via Herculia, at the point of divergence of a road eastward to Heraclea.HistoryThe first settlements, of the Lucani, in the area date from the 6th century BC, but the town was founded by the Romans in the 3rd century BC, during the Samnite Wars, as a fortified vanguard. In 215 BC the Carthaginian general Hanno was defeated under its walls, and in 207 BC Hannibal made it his headquarters. In the Social War it appears as a strong fortress, and seems to have been held by both sides at different times. It became a colony, perhaps in the time of Sulla, at the latest under Augustus, and seems to have been of some importance.In 370 Grumentum became a bishopric seat, but soon afterwards it began to be abandoned. Due to the Saracen inroads (9th-10th centuries), in 954 a new town (Saponara or Saponaria, the modern Grumento Nova) was founded.The site is a ridge on the right bank of the Aciris (Agri) about 600m above sea-level, c. 800m below the modern Grumento Nova, which lies much higher (772m).
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Reviews
TripAdvisor
  • Wonder of wonders ... should be valued at the highest ... It is a unique spectacle not to be missed
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  • What a shame that such a structure is somewhat overlooked by cultural heritage. However if you are here you have to stop.
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  • There is no who explain nothing, the income covers the archaeological site and the Museum, very poor indeed. To pass the time and know if you live near is well. Not to come in particular. The area is very large and well preserved.
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