Grumentum, Grumento Nova

Grumentum was an ancient Roman city in the centre of Lucania, in what is now the comune of Grumento Nova, c. 50km south of Potenza by the direct road through Anxia, and 80km by the Via Herculia, at the point of divergence of a road eastward to Heraclea.The main public buildings of the city have been excavated and are in excellent condition.HistoryThe first Lucanian settlements in the area date from the 6th century BC. The site was founded by the Romans in the 3rd century BC during the Samnite Wars as a fortified vanguard. The position was chosen to control important routes (one of which became the via Herculia in the late 200s AD). In 215 BC the Carthaginian general Hanno was defeated under its walls at the Battle of Grumentum, but in 207 BC Hannibal made it his headquarters.In the Social War it was a strong fortress, and seems to have been held by both sides at different times but was sacked by Italic tribes. It became a colony, perhaps in the time of Sulla, at the latest under Augustus, and became important.
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  • Grumentum is located in the center of Val d'Agri, in Spineta resort of Grumento Nova, near Lake Stone of Pertusillo, It was founded in the 3rd century BC, becoming, thanks to its strategic location, one of the most important Roman military colonies in Lucania . The city had a simple urban system: three main roads intersected by several streets and a three-kilometre-long wall with six doors. From the excavations of the archaeological park have emerged important remains of Roman colonization such as the theatre of the Julius-Claudia era (1st century BC/1 st A.D.); two-time Augustan age; a patrician domus, the House of Mosaics, dating back to the 2nd century AD, with floors from the 4th century AD; the baths of the republican era (VI/I century BC) and august; the area of the Ancient Forum with the Capitolium and the Cesareum; the amphitheatre of the 1st century BC, but modified in august.
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  • Suggestive atmosphere. Well-preserved amphitheater, partially restored theatre, mosaics of very beautiful domus. Little advertised but site worth visiting (by the way at very low prices!).
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  • The remains of the glories of Rome are perfectly recognizable and can be seen at all. Pity that such splendour is not adequately valued. Unexplored areas may be discovered and priceless artifacts could burn again. Another example of short sightedness.
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