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Forza d'Agro

Forza d'Agrò is an Italian town and comune in Sicily, part of the Province of Messina.Forza d'Agrò is on the lower peak of a small mountain, while on the higher peak that overlooks the town are the remains of a Norman castle. Much of the town consists of traditional buildings and stone paved lanes that are impassable by car. Due to this lack of recent development, Forza d'Agrò has featured as the backdrop in a number of films, such as The Godfather trilogy.HistoryIt is not certain if in the valley and hills of Forza d’Agro whether the first settlers were the Sicani or Siculi. It is thought that there may have been a village or commercial port called Phoinix, while further inland, there was a small town named Kallipolis or Agrilla which was eventually destroyed.The first Greek settlers arrived between 8th century and the 5th century BC and it is certain that it was them who gave the name ‘Arghennon ‘akron - Silver Promontory (Promontory: a point of high land jutting out into the sea) which is the actual Cape S. Alessio. Over time, Akron changed to Argon then to Agron and finally to Agrò. Slight remains of a fort-like structure located at the top of the mountain indicate that Forza D'Agrò had once been a fortress.After the Roman conquest in 135 BC the Greek specification of "Arghennon" was substituted by "Agrillae" or "Agrille". The village and suburb and the set of houses within the margin of the River Agrò became known by the Latin name, Vicum Agrillae.The zone was then passed on to the Byzantine domain which lasted from 536 AD to 827. During this period, the community adapted the Greek-oriental cult in the hillocks of the valley and the Monastery of the Church of S. Peter and Paul of Agrò was erected. In order to escape from other invasions the, population moved more inland to Casale. In the 8th century, there were more frequent Arabian incursions, and perhaps during this period the Monastery d'Agrò was destroyed.
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