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Pazzi Chapel, Florence

(50 reviews on the web)
Religious Site Historic Site
The Pazzi Chapel is a chapel located in the "first cloister" on the southern flank of the Basilica di Santa Croce in Florence, Italy. Commonly credited to Filippo Brunelleschi, it is considered to be one of the masterpieces of Renaissance architecture.HistoryThough funds for the chapel were assembled in 1429 by Andrea Pazzi, head of the Pazzi family, whose wealth was second only to the Medici, construction did not begin until about 1442. The chapel was completed in 1443. Almost two decades after the death of Brunelleschi. The building is considered to be an Early Renaissance masterpiece.The main purpose of the building was the cathedral chapter house (meeting room for the governing chapter) and use as a classroom for the teaching of monks and other religious purposes. There was also a chapel behind the altar where the commissioning family had the right to bury its dead. The Pazzi's ulterior motive in building the chapel was probably to make their mark on the city of Florence and to emphasize their wealth and power. The fact that the city was at war with a neighboring city at the time and still acquired the funds to build this chapel showed the importance it had to the Pazzi family and the people of Florence.Formerly considered a work of Filippo Brunelleschi, it is now thought that he was responsible for the plan, which is based on simple geometrical forms, the square and the circle, but not for the building's execution and detailing. A façade that he had begun, and of which only the lower register can be seen, was partially obscured by the addition of a porch. The main inspiration for this piece was the Dominican monastery of Santa Maria Novella, also located in Florence.
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TripAdvisor
  • The Capella del Pazzi is a wonderful Chapel designed by Brunelleschi. Simple and elegant, it is located in a central part of Florence and is easily reached. Beautiful!  more »
  • This building with its high ceilings, round arches, muted but tasteful symbolic decorations, airy, personable interiors is THE Renaissance symbol to visit, admire, reflect over and cherish.  more »
  • After our visit of the magnificent Basilica di Santa Croce, we walked outside into the first cloister and found the beautiful Cappella dei Pazzi. The Pazzi Chapel was built between 1441 and 1478 and i...  more »