Crypt of Santa Reparata, Florence

3.3
#32 of 56 in Historic Sites in Florence
Santa Reparata is the former cathedral of Florence, Italy. Its name refers to Saint Reparata, an early virgin martyr who is the co-patron saint of Florence. The Cattedrale di Santa Maria del Fiore was constructed over it.HistoryEver since the 3rd century there was an area in the north of Florence which was dedicated to Christianity and up to the Middle Ages represented the most important religious center of the city. From the 6th century onwards, a building complex called 'the sacred axis' was constructed in east-west direction (from the Piazza dell'Olio to the area of the apsis of the Duomo), which was traditionally considered the cult area in Late Antiquity, protected by existing Roman walls. The place included the Bishop's palace, the Baptistery of San Giovanni, a hospital, a parsonage, a graveyard, and three churches: Salvatore al Vescovo, San Michele Visdomini and Santa Reparata. The main point within the sacred axis was Santa Reparata, a sacral building of paleo-Christian origin which was probably the first construction of this building complex. The bones of Saint Zenobius (born about 328) were transferred to Santa Reparata at an unidentified time (according to most scientists it happened in the 9th century). At this time Santa Reparata became the new seat of the bishop, which had been in Basilica of San Lorenzo before that time.
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  • August 17, 2017
    The Crypt of Santa Reparata is a rather nice surprise when you visit the Duomo. Your Duomo ticket entitles you to entry here too, but you still have to queue up for a bit. Waiting is not too long but ...  more »
  • August 10, 2017
    Part of the ticket for the Duomo's attractions it is worth going to even if you have to queue for over an hour in high heat to enter the cathedral. It's a long queue because it's free entry to the bas...  more »
  • August 4, 2017
    The ancient Church of Santa Reparata is the direct antecedent of the Cathedral of Santa Maria del Fiore, which replaced it by staying the first very small for the growing population of Florentine and not to be able to compare with the great cathedrals of Siena and Pisa, cities enemy of Florence during the middle ages. Although the start of the new Cathedral project involved topple Santa Reparata, this did not disappear completely if not that its foundations were integrated to the anterior third of Santa Maria del Fiore, and thanks to recent archaeological excavations have brought to light and we can see part of its magnificent mosaics, colonnades, sculptures, graves and altars, which is complemented by multimedia projections that place ourselves within the spatial context of the current building and understand its evolution.
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  • It is the remains of the buildings prior to the Santa Maria del Fiore, ranging from a Roman House (from which mosaics are preserved), a Christian basilica and the Church prior to the paleo last and definitive Cathedral. The access is done from the interior of the Cathedral, just before the exit, going down to a lower level. While it is not a Museum for what you would pay an entry, the visit to Santa Reparata rest included in the entry to the whole complex (dome, the baptistery, the Museum of the Opera del Duomo), so it does not cost anything to take advantage of the visit.
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