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Cittadella

Trip Planner Europe  /  Italy  /  Veneto  /  Province of Padua  /  Cittadella
(4.3/5 based on 600+ reviews for 3 attractions)
Things to do: sightseeing, nightlife
Cittadella is a medieval walled city in the province of Padua, northern Italy, founded in the 13th century as a military outpost of Padua. The surrounding wall has been restored and is 1461m in circumference with a diameter of around 450m. There are four gates which roughly correspond the points of the compass.The local football club is A.S. Cittadella.Restoration of the fortified systemCittadella was erected in 1220, at the time of the wars between the communes, by order of the city of Padua in order to build a fortified outpost that would defend its territory. It was built in successive stages in a polygonal shape on orthogonal axes through the construction of 32 large and small towers, with the formation of a protective moat and with four drawbridges next to the four entrance gates.Its walls, 14to tall, were built with the "box masonry": two parallel walls filled with a sturdy core of stones and hot slaked lime totaling a thickness of about 2.10m.The walls today are all intact except for a stretch destroyed in the 16th century during the Cambrai war, and the skilled detail of the construction are still easily visible. It has as many as seven different construction techniques characterized by the alteration of courses in brick and those in river rocks mixed with brick can be recognized.Rocca di Porta Bassano is one of the most enchanting parts of the fortified complex of Cittadella as it is clear evidence of the defense apparatus of the keep and entrance gates.The Casa del Capitano (Captain's House) is found inside the Rocca (Fortress), and it is the object of important restoration work that has led to the finding of old frescoes dating to the period of the Carraresi, Malatesta, Sanseverino and Borromeo families. They hand down an out-and-out historical account of the events that occurred between 1260 and 1600, almost replacing written documents.
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