Lake Albano, Castel Gandolfo

4.2
#2 of 91 in Outdoors in Province of Rome
Lake Albano is a small volcanic crater lake in the Alban Hills of Lazio, at the foot of Monte Cavo, 20km southeast of Rome. Castel Gandolfo, overlooking the lake, is the site of the Papal Palace of Castel Gandolfo.In Roman times it was known as Albanus Lacus and lay not far from the ancient city of Alba Longa.With a depth of about 170m, Lake Albano is the deepest in Lazio. The lake is 3.5km long by 2.3km wide, and was formed by the overlapping union of two volcanic craters, an origin indicated by the ridge in its center, which rises to a height of 70m. Plutarch reports that in 406BC the lake surged over the surrounding hills, despite there being no rain nor tributaries flowing into the lake to account for the rise in water level. The ensuing flood destroyed fields and vineyards before eventually pouring into the sea. It is thought to have been caused by volcanic gases, trapped in sediment at the bottom of the lake and gradually building up until suddenly releasing, causing the water to overflow.Around 395BC, during the wars between Rome and Veii, a discharge tunnel was built crossing the crater walls. It served as an emissary whenever the water level overflowed its mouth. According to Titus Livius, this feat of engineering was incited by the Oracle of Delphi: the Roman victory against Veii would be possible only when the lake waters were channeled and used for irrigation. The emissary is at 293 meters over the sea level. The tunnel ends at a spot called Le Mole, below Castel Gandolfo.
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  • Small lake of volcanic origin, now pleasantly usable throughout the year! Of course in the summer is a seaside resort alternative to nearby sea
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  • Fabulous lake, equipped with pedal boats. Pleasant walk and you have to andareeee
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  • Quiet place, especially in winter, and good to stroll along the lakeside promenade and maybe stopping to eat at one of the many eateries that offer sandwiches with meats or roast pork. Numerous car parks along the Lake, some with rooftop terrace.
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