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Lake Bolsena, Bolsena
(4.5/5 based on 600+ reviews on the web)
Lake Bolsena is a crater lake of central Italy, of volcanic origin, which began to collect 370,000 years ago following the formation of a caldera in the Vulsini volcanic complex. Roman historic records indicate activity of the Vulsini volcano occurred as recently as 104 BC; it has been dormant since then. The two islands in the southern part of the lake were formed by underwater eruptions following the collapse that created the caldera.The lake is supplied entirely from the aquifer, rainfall and runoff, with one outlet at the southern end. A sewage treatment plant filters most of the raw sewage from the surrounding communities. Constructed in 1996, it features pipelines transporting the sewage from every major community around the lake to the treatment plant on the Marta River; that is, no effluents enter the lake. Fertilizers are a second source of contamination. However, the chemical content of the lake is monitored at several stations around it.Lying within the northern part of the province of Viterbo that is called Alto Lazio ("Upper Latium") or Tuscia, the lake has a long historic tradition. The Romans called it Lacus Volsinii, adapting the Etruscan name, Velzna, of the last Etruscan city to hold out against Rome, which was translocated after 264 BC, and its original location today has not been securely identified. The lake is bordered on one side by updated forms of the Roman consular road Via Cassia. In addition to the historic sites of all periods, Lake Bolsena is currently surrounded by numerous tourist establishments, largely for camping, agrotourism and bed and breakfasts.
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Reviews
TripAdvisor
  • A vast lake, to turn it all around 43 km, with the middle two islets of volcanic origin. There is a bike path and summer rent bicycles right along the Lake. There are factories and even a few campsites. The grounds are well maintained and clean. From here you can reach in about 20 minutes, two magical places: the archaeological site of Ferento (with theatre and the Roman baths well preserved) and the baths open "bagnaccio" a marvel at sunset.
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  • Lake Bolsena is lovely: gorgeous at sunrise and romantic at sunset. Filled with beaches and beaches during the summer months it is pleasant to sunbathe and take a bath because often blows a pleasant cooling breeze. All countries on the Lake are full of culture and history and is a great cuisine. If you go by motorcycle bikers: curvy streets surrounded by nature surrounding Lake will give you a lot of satisfaction;)
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  • Lake Bolsena is a volcanic lake , We visited in November and although not very busy there was still a good atmosphere with plenty of Families out for the day strolling and having Coffee , It is a beau...  more »