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Lake Bolsena, Bolsena

(4.5/5 based on 600+ reviews on the web)
Lake Bolsena is a crater lake of central Italy, of volcanic origin, which began to collect 370,000 years ago following the formation of a caldera in the Vulsini volcanic complex. Roman historic records indicate activity of the Vulsini volcano occurred as recently as 104 BC; it has been dormant since then. The two islands in the southern part of the lake were formed by underwater eruptions following the collapse that created the caldera.The lake is supplied entirely from the aquifer, rainfall and runoff, with one outlet at the southern end. A sewage treatment plant filters most of the raw sewage from the surrounding communities. Constructed in 1996, it features pipelines transporting the sewage from every major community around the lake to the treatment plant on the Marta River; that is, no effluents enter the lake. Fertilizers are a second source of contamination. However, the chemical content of the lake is monitored at several stations around it.Lying within the northern part of the province of Viterbo that is called Alto Lazio ("Upper Latium") or Tuscia, the lake has a long historic tradition. The Romans called it Lacus Volsinii, adapting the Etruscan name, Velzna, of the last Etruscan city to hold out against Rome, which was translocated after 264 BC, and its original location today has not been securely identified. The lake is bordered on one side by updated forms of the Roman consular road Via Cassia. In addition to the historic sites of all periods, Lake Bolsena is currently surrounded by numerous tourist establishments, largely for camping, agrotourism and bed and breakfasts.
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TripAdvisor
  • The place is beautiful we stayed at the hotel we had a great time, a lovely place. Stroll along the Lake is beautiful like a postcard. The Lake is a natural wonder.
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  • A lovely place. If you come from Orvieto have a top-down approach that allows an excellent view. You can appreciate the curvature of the horizon and an open sky as there is only around here
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  • almost as good as being at sea ... a beautiful experience we got on the boat and we went around in the Lake and we dive, clear waters and clean ... beautiful experience to be repeated
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