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Augusta

Trip Planner Europe  /  Italy  /  Sicily  /  Province of Syracuse  /  Augusta
Augusta is a town and comune in the province of Syracuse, located on the eastern coast of Sicily . The city is one of the main harbours in Italy, especially for oil refineries which are in its vicinity.GeographyThe city is situated in the province of Syracuse and faces the Ionian Sea. The old town is an island, made in the 16th century by cutting an isthmus and is connected to the mainland by two bridges. One bridge was built recently (Viaduct Frederick II of Swabia) and the other built when the city was founded and is called the Spanish Gate. Augusta is home to two ports.HistoryThe town was founded by Emperor Frederick II. After the Angevin domination, it became part of Aragonese Sicily and, from 1362, it was a fief of Guglielmo Raimondo II Moncada. It returned a Royal possession (under Spain) in 1560, and was extensively fortified to counter Turkish pirates.In 1675 its harbour was the seat of naval battle between Spanish and English fleets. The town suffered a major earthquake and tsunami in 1693. During World War II, Augusta was invaded on July 13, 1943 by the Eighth Army of the Allied troops led by British General Montgomery.
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