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Nir David

(4.8/5 based on 110 reviews for 2 attractions)
Things to do: zoos & aquariums, parks
Nir David is a kibbutz in the Beit She'an Valley in northern Israel. Founded on 10 December 1936 as Tel Amal, the second of the tower and stockade settlements, it is under the jurisdiction of Valley of Springs Regional Council.HistoryThe Nir David pioneering group was formed in the city of Ramat Gan in 1932. Its first members were founders of the Hashomer Hatzair Zionist youth movement in Israel. In 1933, the group united with kibbutz "Massad" from Poland (no connection with the Massad communal settlement from the Lower Galilee, nor with the "Massad" group which founded nearby kibbutz Kfar Ruppin, since that one consisted of refugees from Germany and Austria who arrived in 1933-1934; "Massad" means "foundation" in Hebrew and is a relatively widely used term). In 1934, the community sent a group to the Beit She'an Valley to cultivate the land that the Jewish National Fund had purchased for future settlements in the region. The kibbutz members began farming around Tel Shuk, where the kibbutz would later be established. When Arab revolt began on the night of 20 April 1936, the kibbutz's first wheat crop was burned and its plants and seedlings uprooted.The pioneers were determined to return to their land, despite the dangers involved. Faced with Arab terror and British opposition, they devised a plan for a fortified settlement that could resist attack from its first night of existence. On 10 December 1936 Tel Amal was established as the first tower and stockade settlement (and the first kibbutz) in the Beit She'an Valley, and the second in all of Mandate Palestine after Kfar Hittin. During the next three years of troubles from the 1936–39 Arab revolt, some 52 such settlements were built overnight.
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