Lake Urmia is an endorheic salt lake in Iran. The lake is between the provinces of East Azerbaijan and West Azerbaijan in Iran, and west of the southern portion of the Caspian Sea. At its greatest extent, it was the largest lake in the Middle East and the sixth-largest saltwater lake on Earth, with a surface area of approximately 5200km², a length of 140km, a width of 55km, and a maximum depth of 16m. The lake has shrunk to 10% of its former size due to damming of the rivers that flow into it, and the pumping of groundwater from the surrounding area.Lake Urmia, along with its once approximately 102 islands, is protected as a national park by the Iranian Department of Environment.Names and etymologiesCurrently, the lake is named after the provincial capital city of Urmia, originally an Assyrian name meaning puddle of water. However, in the early 1930s, it was called Lake Rezaiyeh (دریاچه رضائیه) after Reza Shah Pahlavi. After the Iranian Revolution in the late 1970s the lake was renamed Urmia.Its Old Persian name was Chichast, meaning "glittering", a reference to the glittering mineral particles suspended in the water of the lake and found along its shores. In medieval times it came to be known as Lake Kabuda (Kabodan), from the word for "azure" in Persian, or 'կապույտ' (kapuyt) in Armenian. Its Latin name was Lacus Matianus, so it is referred to in some texts as Lake Matianus or Lake Matiene.Make Lake Urmia a centerpiece of your Takab vacation itinerary, and find what else is worth visiting using our Takab trip generator.
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Beautiful lake with some problems. It is so fun swimming in this lake in hot summer days. Water becomes red nowadays more »
biggest salt lake in iran is urmia lake with wild nature and beautiful outlooks that was parching but with with peoples and governors tries fortunately we now can see it alive again. more »
Un lac de sel magnifique. Vous avez d'un coté un désert de sel et de l'autre coté des paysages vous faisant panser à l'écosse. Un endroit indiscutablement à voir en passant dans la région. more »A beautiful Salt Lake. You have on one side a desert of salt and the other side landscapes making you heal in Scotland. A place definitely to see passing in the area.
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