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Lake Urmia, Takab
(4.6/5 based on 10+ reviews on the web)
Lake Urmia is an endorheic salt lake in Iranian Azerbaijan, Iran and near Iran's border with Turkey. The lake is between the provinces of East Azerbaijan and West Azerbaijan in Iran, and west of the southern portion of the Caspian Sea. At its full size, it was the largest lake in the Middle East and the sixth largest saltwater lake on earth with a surface area of approximately 5,200 km², 140km length, 55km width, and 16 m depth. The lake has shrunk to 10% of its former size due to damming of the rivers that flow into it and pumping of groundwater from the area.Lake Urmia, along with its once approximately 102 islands, are protected as a national park by the Iranian Department of Environment.Names and etymologiesCurrently the lake is named after the provincial capital city of Urmia, originally an Assyrian name meaning Puddle of water. However, in the early 1930s, it was called Lake Rezaiyeh (دریاچه رضائیه) after Reza Shah Pahlavi. After the Iranian Revolution in the late 1970s the lake was renamed Urmia. Its ancient Old Persian name was Chichast (meaning, "glittering"–a reference to the glittering mineral particles suspended in the lake water and found along its shores). In medieval times it came to be known as Lake Kabuda (Kabodan), from the word for "azure" in Persian, or 'կապույտ' ("Kapuyt/Gabuyd") in Armenian. Its Latin name was Lacus Matianus so it is referred to in some texts as Lake Matianus or Lake Matiene.
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Reviews
TripAdvisor
  • I couldn't visit this lake in my previous trip to Urmia . Now I feel regret for that because the lake is going to die ;( Beautiful lake , strands character it has when u watch it in a good light near ...  more »
  • Romantic place shore covered with white and shiny salt crystals the water color changed to red and you can walk in the water for long distance. 
  • I've visited the lake a few times and each time it has gotten smaller. It is one of those lakes that so salty, your body floats and that was an experience I will never forget. However, the lake is now...  more »