Lake Urmia is an endorheic salt lake in Iran. The lake is between the provinces of East Azerbaijan and West Azerbaijan in Iran, and west of the southern portion of the Caspian Sea. At its full size, it was the largest lake in the Middle East and the sixth-largest saltwater lake on Earth with a surface area of approximately 5200km², 140km length, 55km width, and 16m depth. The lake has shrunk to 10% of its former size due to damming of the rivers that flow into it and pumping of groundwater from the area.Urmia Lake, along with its once approximately 102 islands, are protected as a national park by the Iranian Department of Environment.Names and etymologiesCurrently, the lake is named after the provincial capital city of Urmia, originally an Assyrian name meaning Puddle of water. However, in the early 1930s, it was called Lake Rezaiyeh (دریاچه رضائیه) after Reza Shah Pahlavi. After the Iranian Revolution in the late 1970s the lake was renamed Urmia. Its Old Persian name was Chichast (meaning, "glittering" - a reference to the glittering mineral particles suspended in the lake water and found along its shores). In medieval times it came to be known as Lake Kabuda (Kabodan), from the word for "azure" in Persian, or 'կապույտ' (kapuyt) in Armenian. Its Latin name was Lacus Matianus so it is referred to in some texts as Lake Matianus or Lake Matiene.Make Lake Urmia a centerpiece of your Takab vacation itinerary, and find what else is worth visiting using our Takab trip generator.
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Here lies the biggest lake of Iran and one of the amazing salt lakes in all over the world. It was drying out through these years but from 2016 it is coming back to life. Again you can see the waves i... more »
This place is so beautiful in all of seasons the second lake in the world you can go by car near the lake more »
The salt lake is still and mesmerising. You can see the reflection of the blue sky with puffs in the water. No waves, no movement. Alas once a lake full of bathers now drying up due to global warming.... more »
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