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Tchogha Zanbil, Shush

(4.8/5 based on 45+ reviews on the web)
Chogha Zanbil is an ancient Elamite complex in the Khuzestan province of Iran. It is one of the few existent ziggurats outside of Mesopotamia. It lies approximately 42km south-southeast of Dezful, 30km south-east of Susa and 80km north of Ahvaz.HistoryChogha in Bakhtiari means "hill". Choga Zanbil means 'basket mound.' It was built about 1250 BC by the king Untash-Napirisha, mainly to honor the great god Inshushinak. Its original name was Dur Untash, which means 'town of Untash', but it is unlikely that many people, besides priests and servants, ever lived there. The complex is protected by three concentric walls which define the main areas of the 'town'. The inner area is wholly taken up with a great ziggurat dedicated to the main god, which was built over an earlier square temple with storage rooms also built by Untash-Napirisha. The middle area holds eleven temples for lesser gods. It is believed that twenty-two temples were originally planned, but the king died before they could be finished, and his successors discontinued the building work. In the outer area are royal palaces, a funerary palace containing five subterranean royal tombs.Although construction in the city abruptly ended after Untash-Napirisha's death, the site was not abandoned, but continued to be occupied until it was destroyed by the Assyrian king Ashurbanipal in 640 BC. Some scholars speculate, based on the large number of temples and sanctuaries at Chogha Zanbil, that Untash-Napirisha attempted to create a new religious center (possibly intended to replace Susa) which would unite the gods of both highland and lowland Elam at one site.
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Reviews
TripAdvisor
  • Very evocative ziggurat in the middle of the desert, dating from the Elamite kingdom. Definitely worth seeing if in Shush or Shustar. We hired a taxi driver to take us from Shustar and back with one h...  more »
  • PM late from the town-center of the shoosh choga Zanbil headed. It was 40 minutes by car. Ziggurat shining rays of the setting sun, and very clean. Didn't see other tourists find cuneiform brick, we turn around and report the feet-more than 3000 years ago. After sunset, the light has begun. The dusk is advisable. We have had this area can't come in, what can be over 50 ° C temperature finally come in the winter. The ticket was a 200000 real.
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  • Here I have been in business and family class. I enjoyed its history and details. you have to see bricks with cuneiform, walk around the building and see all details. visit also the water system of th...  more »
Google
  • Tourism and historical attractions of Khuzestan
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  • Wonderful
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