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Gorgan NameThe Modern Persian word Gorgān () is derived from Middle Persian Gurgān, itself from Old Persian Varkāna, the Achaemenid satrapy southeast of Caspian Sea (encompassed all of the present day Golestan Province, as well as some eastern parts of the Mazandaran province, and some southern parts of the modern-day Turkmenistan), which is reflected in Greek sources as Hyrcania, Hyrcani or Hyrcana. The region is also mentioned in Avesta as Vəhrkāna (). The name is derived from the Proto-Iranian word *vrka-, meaning "wolf".In post-Islamic Persia the city was known as Jurjān (جرجان), the Arabized form of the Persian word.The Caspian form of the name is Wergen.In modern times and until 1937 the city used to be known as Astarābād or Estarābād (استرآباد), which also can be read as Ester-ābād ("City of Esther")(559-530 BC), its founder, or his successor Cambyses (530-522 BC).The Great Wall of Gorgan, the second biggest defensive wall in world, was built in the Parthian and Sassanian periods.Make Gorgan central to your Iran travel plans using our Iran holiday planner.
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