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Gonbad-e Qabus Tower, Gonbad-e Kavus

#2 of 6 in Things to do in Golestan Province
Observation Deck Landmark
Gonbad-e Qabus tower is a monument in Gonbad-e Qabus, Iran.

The Tower in the central part of the city reaches 72 meters (236 ft.)[1] (Including the height of the platform), however, it is not the tallest brick tower in the world (after many towers). However, it is still the tallest pure-brick tower in the world.

The baked-brick-built tower is an enormous decagon building with a conic roof, which forms the golden ratio that Phi equals 1.618. The interiors contain the earliest examples of Muqarnas decorative styles. The decagon with its 3 meter-thick wall, divided into 10 sides, has a diameter of 17 m . The Tower was built on such a scientific and architectural design that at the front of the Tower, at an external circle, one can hear one's echo.

The tower was built in 1006 AD on the orders of the Ziyarid Amir Shams ol-Ma'āli Qabus ibn Wushmgir (شمس المعالي قابوس بن وشمگير).It is located 3 km north of the ancient city of Jorjan, from where the Ziyarid dynasty ruled. The tower is over 1000 years old.

A Kufic inscription at the bottom of the tower reads in Arabic:

هذا القصر العالي – لامير شمس المعالي – الامير قابوس ابن وشمگير – امر به بنائه في حياته – سنه سبع و تسعين – و ثلثمائه قمريه و سنه خمس و سبعين و ثلثمائه شمسيه

"This tall palace for the prince Shams ul-Ma'ali, Amir Qabus ibn Wushmgir ordered to build during his life, in the year 397 the lunar Hegira , and the year 375 the solar Hegira"

Even though the inscription does not explicitly refer to the rumor that the tower was built for the tomb for the prince Ziyarid ruler, it is believed that the Sultan's body was put in a glass coffin and was suspended from the ceiling of the tower.

It has been registered a World Heritage Site, in the tower's upcoming 1,000th anniversary.

Gonbad-e Qābus or Gonbad-e Kāvus (also transcribed Gonbad-e Ghābus or Gonbad-i Ghāboos) is a city in the province of Golestan in Iran. The city tower was built with bricks representing a special art related to the 4th century (Hegira, or 11th century). This tower which stands on a domed hill with 15 m height is located in the central (principal) park of Gonbad Kavoos city.

Robert Byron, the British travel writer and architectural critic, wrote that it was a photograph of the tower that motivated him to visit Persia.[2] Seeing the tower, he maintained his high opinion of its qualities, writing in The Road to Oxiana, that 'the Gumbad-i-Kambus ranks with the great buildings of the world.'[3]
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TripAdvisor Traveler Rating
15 reviews
  • Inscribed on the World Heritage List, The tower’s hollow cylindrical shaft of unglazed fired brick is an intricate geometric plan in the form of a ten pointed star to a conical roof.  more »
  • This tower with a foundation of such a 9 meter is from far outside of the city. The King, who built him, had no other purpose than a striking, useless Tower. This tower is an impressive, solid construction work.
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  • Gonbad - e Qabus Tower is a heritage of humanity of Unsco since 2012 the tower only made of bricks higher worldwide with 72 metres in total. a magnificent, glorious and mysterious Tower. A huge decagonal building with a conical roof, which the cone is the most high and great in its way. Built in 1006 / 1007 by order of Amir Shams ol-Ma'āli Qabus ibn Wushmgir to make it his grave after his farewell from this world. According to history this tower has withstood two earthquakes of more than 6 degrees of Richter. What is striking is that on this site we can see an echo effect but horizontal, which the listener is only who shouts or talks. On this site there are many secrets to disclose but unfortunately we don't see enough studies on the tower. At the foot of the tower you can see and buy crafts of Turkmen villagers and try different types of bread, sweet and fresh cookies.
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  • It's just a brick tower. But it's magnificent once you see it up close.
  • One of the tallest towers built by bricks. Interesting and worth visiting while you are in Golestan province.
  • Very old tower ,when you stand on a certain point and talk your voice reflects to you like stereo . UNESCO World Heritage Site since 2012 The tower was built in 1006 AD The tallest brick built tower in the world.
  • Have good trip when going to here
  • Ok

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