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Amol is a city in and the administrative center of Amol County, Mazandaran Province, Iran. At the 2006 census, the population of the city was 197,470, in 55,183 families.Amol is located on the Haraz river bank. It is less than 20km south of the Caspian sea and less than 10km north of the Alborz mountains. It is 180km from Tehran, and 60km west of the provincial capital, Sari. Amol is a historic city, with its foundation dating back to the Amard.Etymology and HistoryPre-IslamicPishdadian and AmardSome historians in the past have associated this ancient city with the periods of the first Persian mythological dynasties of Aryan people, the Pishdadians and the Kianians. Amol is an old city, with a history dating back to the Amards. Amards were the people inhabiting the area before the arrival of Aryans, who had migrated to and settled on the Iranian Plateau from the late 2nd millennium BCE to early 1st millennium BCE. Many scholars believe that the city's name is rooted in the word Amard (Amui in Pahlavi). According to historical literature, Amol was the capital of Mazandaran, at least in the period starting from Sassanid Empire to the Ilkhanate dynasty of Mongol Empire. Though they are a Median tribe, Herodotus names a tribe called Mardians as one of the ten to fifteen Persian tribes in Persis. It is now known that the only distinction between the Median Amardians and the Persian Mardians is the "A" in the beginning of Amardians, which would mean they are two different tribes.Add Amol and other Iran destinations to your travel plans using our Iran itinerary builder.
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