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Abadan

Trip Planner Middle East  /  Iran  /  Khuzestan Province  /  Abadan
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Abadan is a city in and the capital of Abadan County, Khuzestan Province which is located in central west of Iran. It lies on Abadan Island EtymologyThe earliest mention of the island of Abadan, if not the port itself is found in works of the geographer Marcian, who renders the name "Apphadana". Earlier, the classical geographer, Ptolemy notes "Apphana" as an island off the mouth of the Tigris (which is, where the modern Island of Abadan is located). An etymology for this name is presented by 'B. Farahvashi'' to be derived from the Persian word "ab" (water) and the root "pā" (guard, watch) thus "coastguard station").In the Islamic times, a pseudo-etymology was produced by the historian Ahmad ibn Yahya al-Baladhuri (d.892) quoting a folk story that the town was presumably founded by one "Abbad bin Hosayn" from the Arabian Tribe of Banu Tamim, who established a garrison there during the governorship of Hajjaj in the Ummayad period.In the subsequent centuries, the Persian version of the name had begun to come into general use before it was adopted by official decree in 1935.PopulationThe civilian population of the city dropped close to zero during the eight years of the Iran–Iraq War (1980–88). The 1986 census recorded only 6 people. In 1991, 84,774 had returned to live in the city. By 2001, the population had jumped to 206,073, and it was 217,988, in 48,061 families, according to 2006 census. Abadan Refinery is one of the largest in the world.
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