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Gresik

Trip Planner Asia  /  Indonesia  /  Java  /  East Java  /  Gresik
Gresik Regency is a regency within East Java Province of Indonesia. It includes the offshore Bawean Island, some 125 km to the north of Java and Madura. The regency's administrative centre is the town of Gresik, about 25 km to the northwest of Surabaya; Gresik is also the capital of the sub-region of Gerbangkartasusilo, the metropolitan region of the city of Surabaya.HistoryThe port of Gresik-Djaratan has functioned as an important commercial center since the eleventh century, trading with merchants from as far away as China, India, and Arabia. Some of these traders helped spread Islam in the area. In 1487, Sunan Giri, Syech Maulana Malik Ibrahim, also known as Sultan Ainul Yaqin, began to rule Gresik. In his 1515 book, Suma Oriental, the Portuguese apothecary and traveller Tomé Pires described Gresik as "the jewel of Java in trading ports". Sunan Giri's descendants ruled the area for the following two centuries.In 1974 the Indonesian government made Gresik, now a suburb of the regional capital of Surabaya, the capital of Gerbankartasusilo.AdministrationThe Gresik Regency was divided at 2010 into eighteen kecamatan, tabulated below with their 2010 Census population.
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