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Villupuram

Viluppuram is a municipality and the administrative headquarters of Viluppuram district, the largest district in the state of Tamil Nadu, India. It is well connected by both road and rail to all the important cities in Tamil Nadu. The town serves as a major railway junction, and National Highway 45 passes through it. With agriculture as its main source of income, As of Government Of India 2014 Data Viluppuram had a population of 121,198 and the town's literacy rate has been recorded as 90.16% by Census 2011.In 1919, Viluppuram was officially constituted as a municipality, which today comprises 44 wards, making it the largest city and municipality in Viluppuram district.EtymologyViluppuram is named after a class of people known as "Vizhupparaiyar" . One of the famous Tamil poets Jayamkondar wrote a book titled "Karanai Vizhupparaiyan madal" on the praise of Aadhinathan Vizhupparaiyan who served as a commander in the army of Kulottunga Chola I. The town came to known after the "Vizhupparaiyan" sect named after him. They are also known as "Vizhupaadharaiyar".Viluppuram is also affectionately called as "Vizhimaa Nagaram" in Tamil. It means town with wide-eyed people.HistoryThe Chola were the early rulers. Among these rulers, Karikala Chola was the most famous and powerful.For a short period, the Cholas were overthrown by Simhavishnu Pallava and the Region came under the Pallava rule for sometime. Vijayalaya Chola again revived Chola rule. This was the beginning of great Chola Empire. The later Chola rulers were weak and the power passed on to the hands of Eastern Chalukyas.
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