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Kallanai Dam, Tiruchirappalli

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Dam Nature / Park
Kallanai is an ancient dam, which is built across the Kaveri river in Trichy District in the state of Tamil Nadu in South India. Located at a distance of 15 km from Tiruchirapalli, the dam was originally constructed by the Chola king Karikalan in 2nd century AD. It is located on Kaveri river approximately 20 KM from Trichy, but the dam falls under Thanjavur district. and is the fourth-oldest water-diversion or water-regulator structures in the world which is still in use.HistoryThe dam was originally built by Karikalan about 2000 years ago.The idea behind the construction of the dam was to divert the river to the delta districts thereby boosting irrigation. The dam was re-modeled by the British during the 19th century. In 1804, Captain Caldwell, a military engineer, was appointed by the British to make a study on the Kaveri river and promote irrigation for the delta region. He found that a large amount of water passed onto the Kollidam leaving behind a small volume for irrigation purposes. Caldwell initially proposed a solution by raising the dam and hence raised the dam stones to a height of 69cm, thus increasing the capacity of the dam. Following this, Major Sim proposed the idea of undersluices across the river with outlets leading to the Kollidam River (Coleroon) thus preventing formation of silt. The Lower Anaicut built by Sir Arthur Cotton in 19th century CE across Coleroon, the major tributary of Cauvery, is said to be a replicated structure of Kallanai.
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3 days in Tiruchirappalli BY A USER FROM INDIA September, popular PREFERENCES: September ATTRACTION STYLE: Popular PACE: Medium 21 days in India BY A USER FROM MALAYSIA November, kids, culture, outdoors, relaxing, romantic, beaches, historic sites, museums, shopping, popular PREFERENCES: November, kids, culture, outdoors, relaxing, romantic, beaches, historic sites, museums, shopping ATTRACTION STYLE: Popular PACE: Medium 16 days in India BY A USER FROM MALAYSIA November, popular PREFERENCES: November ATTRACTION STYLE: Popular PACE: Medium 16 days in India BY A USER FROM MALAYSIA November, outdoors, relaxing, romantic, beaches, historic sites, museums, shopping, popular PREFERENCES: November, outdoors, relaxing, romantic, beaches, historic sites, museums, shopping ATTRACTION STYLE: Popular PACE: Medium 16 days in India BY A USER FROM MALAYSIA November, outdoors, relaxing, romantic, beaches, historic sites, museums, shopping, popular PREFERENCES: November, outdoors, relaxing, romantic, beaches, historic sites, museums, shopping ATTRACTION STYLE: Popular PACE: Medium 19 days in India BY A USER FROM MALAYSIA November, outdoors, relaxing, romantic, beaches, historic sites, museums, shopping, popular PREFERENCES: November, outdoors, relaxing, romantic, beaches, historic sites, museums, shopping ATTRACTION STYLE: Popular PACE: Medium 17 days in India BY A USER FROM MALAYSIA November, outdoors, relaxing, romantic, beaches, historic sites, museums, shopping, popular PREFERENCES: November, outdoors, relaxing, romantic, beaches, historic sites, museums, shopping ATTRACTION STYLE: Popular PACE: Medium 17 days in India BY A USER FROM MALAYSIA November, outdoors, relaxing, romantic, beaches, historic sites, museums, shopping, popular PREFERENCES: November, outdoors, relaxing, romantic, beaches, historic sites, museums, shopping ATTRACTION STYLE: Popular PACE: Medium 11 days in Tamil Nadu BY A USER FROM SINGAPORE September, culture, outdoors, beaches, historic sites, popular & hidden gems PREFERENCES: September, culture, outdoors, beaches, historic sites ATTRACTION STYLE: Popular & hidden gems PACE: Medium 19 days in Tiruchirappalli BY A USER FROM MALAYSIA November, culture, relaxing, romantic, beaches, museums, shopping, popular PREFERENCES: November, culture, relaxing, romantic, beaches, museums, shopping ATTRACTION STYLE: Popular PACE: Medium 52 days in Tamil Nadu BY A USER FROM SAUDI ARABIA October, popular PREFERENCES: October ATTRACTION STYLE: Popular PACE: Medium 11 days in Tamil Nadu BY A USER FROM SINGAPORE August, culture, outdoors, beaches, historic sites, popular & hidden gems PREFERENCES: August, culture, outdoors, beaches, historic sites ATTRACTION STYLE: Popular & hidden gems PACE: Medium
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Where to stay in Tiruchirappalli

The main area to look for accommodations in Tiruchirappalli lies to the south of town. This district contains the majority of hotels in the city, as well as the main train and bus stations. Giving good access to such transport links, as well as some of the more popular restaurants in town, this district serves as a good option for those planning on staying just a short while, with the sights to the north all accessible by bus. If you're planning on staying for a little while, consider looking further to the north, where you'll find a number of guesthouses close to the temples and main bazaar.
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  • A great place to see and appreciate the ancient treasures that still keeps going great; must see to believe the grand construction that has lived through centuries of massive floods and river-flow. Th...  more »
  • It's really awesome place to meet up with friends or lovers or family. For children they have park to play and there is small canteen inside the park. Near dam there is lots of snacks for sales like f...  more »
  • Was there last Dec and the weather was very hot. Unfortunately there was no water in the dam at that time.  more »