Pamban bridge, Rameswaram

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Pamban Bridge is a railway bridge which connects the town of Rameswaram on Pamban Island to mainland India. Opened on 24 February 1914, it was India's first sea bridge, and was the longest sea bridge in India until the opening of the Bandra-Worli Sea Link in 2010. The rail bridge is, for the most part, a conventional bridge resting on concrete piers, but has a double-leaf bascule section midway, which can be raised to let ships and barges pass through.LocationThe bridge spans a 2 km strait between the Indian mainland and Pamban island. The mainland end of the bridge is located at. The bridge is located in the world's second most corrosive environment after Florida, making its maintenance a challenging job. The location is also a cyclone-prone high wind velocity zone.DesignThe railway bridge is located above sea level and is 6776ft long. The bridge consists of 143 piers and has a double-leaf bascule section with a Scherzer rolling type lift span that can be raised to let ships pass. Each half of the lifting span weighs. The two leaves of the bridge are opened manually using levers.Planning and ConstructionPlans for a bridge to connect to mainland was suggested in 1870 as the British Administration sought ways to increase trade with Ceylon. The construction began in August 1911 and was opened on 24 February 1914. The adjacent road bridge was opened in 1988.MaintenanceThe bridge was damaged during the 1964 Rameswaram cyclone and required repair work. Strengthening work was carried out on the bridge under the supervision of E. Sreedharan in 2009 to enable it to carry goods trains. On 13 January 2013, the bridge required repair work to the piers after suffering minor damage from a naval barge. In 2016, the Ministry of Railways sanctioned to replace the existing long rolling type span with a long single truss span which could be opened automatically.
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Pamban bridge Reviews
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  • August 17, 2017
    This was something unusual which I was seeing the bridge opened to allow the ship to pass but it was done mannualy ----a single railway track was built over the sea -- we wanted to see the train trave...  more »
  • August 16, 2017
    One would pass this bridge if headed to or from Rameshwaram. The view of the calm and turquoise sea from the bridge is just breathtaking, and can be experienced only by a traveller.  more »
  • August 12, 2017
    While going to rameswram we saw the pamaban bring which length is almost 2km with many boats and more deep water and felt very excited.  more »

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Where to stay in Rameswaram

Built on a tiny island, Rameswaram offers limited accommodation options, most ranging from standard to budget--though some economy hotels still offer luxury service. Frequent visits by pilgrims have spurred a number of boutique hotels and residential-type lodgings, as well as villas. Many mid-range hotels on the eastern part of the island offer a beachfront, while shoestring travelers have a number of options across Rameswaram.
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