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Nawada is a city and a municipality in Bihar. It is also the headquarters of Nawada district. Headquarters town of the subdivision of the same name, lying on both sides of the river Khuri in 24º 53’ N and 85º 33’ E. The name is evolved from Nau-abad, meaning the new town..HistoryNawada is a part of the famous ancient Magadh division of south Bihar. The origin of the name Nawada is believed to be derived from the old name Nau-abad or the "new town" which was earlier known as ‘The Eliot Market (Bazaar)’. Before its acquisition by the East India Company, Nawada was ruled by the nearly independent Rajas of Hisua. After its acquisition, Nawada was the center of great disorder until 1845, when it became the headquarters of the newly created subdivision. The elements of disorder resurfaced again during the Mutiny of 1857, when Nawada was overrun by marauding parties. The local offices were destroyed, but Government records were saved by the native officials who hid them in a cave in a neighboring hill. These are the only available public records dating back to an era before 1857 in the district.Two miles to the north, there is a Jain temple standing in the middle of a large tank to the west of the public road, but the city itself contains no important buildings and has but little historical interest.GeographyNawada is located at. It has an average elevation of 80m. The city is divided into two blocks by the Khoori river, the left bank being the older, while the right bank is the modern section with public offices, sub-jail, dispensary and schools.DemographicsAccording to the 2011 census, Nawada city has a population of 109,141. Nawada has a ratio of 957 females for every 1000 males. The average literacy rate is 74%, higher than the national average of 63.5%: male literacy is 81%, and female literacy is 67%. In Nawada, 17% of the population is under 6 years of age. Hindi, Magahi and Urdu are the main languages spoken in the area.Plan your holiday in Nawada and other destinations, from the rural, to the urban, and everything in between, using our India vacation route planner.
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