Nagaraja Temple, Nagercoil

4.6
#5 of 12 in Historic Sites in Kanyakumari District
Nagaraja Temple (Tamil: Naga (serpent) + Raja (king)) is a Hindu temple temple dedicated to the god Nagaraja situated at the heart of Nagercoil. The name for the town Nagercoil originated from this temple. The temple is full of images of snakes. In addition, the gatekeepers of the sanctums are two snakes.Nagaraja Temple, from which the town derives its name.

The temple has two main deities Ananda Krishna and Nagaraja. The upadevathas are Mahadeva, Subrahmanya Swami, Vighneshwara, Devi and temple guardian. The temple has a vast pond.

Devotes installing Naga idols in the temple campus is unique to this temple.The temple is open from 4.00 a.m. to 11.30 a.m. and from 5.00 p.m. to 8.30 p.m

Naga devathas

Nagas are children of Kashyapa and Kadru. Among the prominent nāgas of Hinduism are Manasa, Sesha, and Vasuki.

Ananda Krishna and Nagaraja.

The Nairs of Kerala and the ethnically related Tulu Bunts of Karnataka are clans which are believed to have originated from the serpent dynasty.

The nāgas also carry the elixir of life and immortality[citation needed]. Garuda once brought it to them and put a cup with elixir on the ground but it was taken away by Indra. However, few drops remained on the grass. The nāgas licked up the drops, but in doing so, cut their tongues on the grass, and since then their tongues have been forked.

Nagas are snakes that may take human form. They tend to be very curious. According to traditions Nāgas are only malevolent to humans when they have been mistreated. They are susceptible to mankind's disrespectful actions in relation to the environment. They are also associated with waters—rivers, lakes, seas, and wells—and are generally regarded as guardians of treasure.

They are objects of great reverence in some parts of southern India where it is believed that they bring fertility and prosperity to their veneration. Expensive and grand rituals like Nagamandala are conducted in their honor (see Nagaradhane).

The prominent nagas in puranas are Vasuki, The King of the Nagas who helped the devas recover amrita from the Ocean of Milk.

Aadhi-Sesha, ("Limitless-Eternal") the world serpent with a thousand heads.

Karkotaka, controls weather.

Padmavati, the Nāgī queen & companion of Dharanendra.

Paravataksha, his sword causes earthquakes and his roar caused thunder.

Takshaka, tribal king of the Nāgas.

Ulupi, a companion of Arjuna in the epic Mahabharata.

Manasa, the Hindu goddess of Nagas and curer of snake-bite and sister of Vasuki

Kaliya, a snake conquered by Krishna in Yamuna river.

Matali, charioteer of Indra, Matali was also the charioteer of Lord Rama during the Lanka Battle.

The head priest, who was interviewed in 2009, truly believes that it was originally a Dravidian Tamil Jain temple taken over by Hindus and rechristened as new mythological god by name Naga Raja.

A Sarpakavu in Kerala, There are similar idols in the temple

Besides Nagaraja, there are images of Jain Tirthankaras, Mahavira and Parswanatha carved on the pillars of the temple. Total six Jain idols have been found from this temple. Mahavira's and Parsvanatha's idols are still being kept in the temple. The entrance is reminiscent of Chinese architecture of Buddha Vihara.

History

It is difficult to ascertain the exact age of the temple. There is no authentic epigraph to aid the historian with its chronology. The mountain Mahendragiri in the Kanyakumari district is referred to as the abode of Nagas in the Ramayana of Valmiki. From this, it can be presumed that the origin of Naga influence in the area goes back to legendary times.

From the five headed-serpent deity of the temple, the name of this place (town) Nagercoil is derived; gradually its old name, Kottar, has mostly faded. There is a part of town called Kottar, so the old name remains.With in five kilometer there is no human death for snake bite in current dates.

Traditional background

There is a traditional background regarding the origin of Nagaraja temple.

One day when a girl was cutting grass, blood began to spurt from below. She discovered that the sickle had cut into the head of a five-headed serpent. Dazed with fear, the girl fled to the nearest village and reported what she had seen. People in large numbers flocked to the spot and witnessed the miracle with their own eyes. By the joint effort of the villagers, the place was cleared and preserved for the purpose of worship.

They built a small shrine in the locality and worshiped the five-headed serpent. Hearing that the miracle happened at this place, people from other places visited the temple and offered poojas.

King of Kalakad

Once the King of Kalakkad, who was stricken with leprosy, came to the temple on Sunday in the Tamil month of Avani and did penance before the deity. Miraculously, he was cured of the deadly disease, and the fame of the temple spread far and wide. The king built the present temple in gratitude. On every Sunday during Avani (August/September) the king, accompanied by his wife and children, used to visit the temple and offer poojas. Ever since, the temple is visited on every Sunday in Avani by thousands of devotees and the serpent shrine is worshiped.
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  • It is one of the famous temple in Nagercoil where the Nagaraja, God of Snakes, is worshipped. Beautiful area temple  more »
  • It is behind the Anna bus stop of Nagercoil in this temple shirt not allowed there is a pond outside the temple is so clean and water is available all over the year  more »
  • The temple Nagarajan named the city Nagercoil. The temple looks like Kerala Samana culture architect. The temple is surrounded by snakes. Mein deity god is Lord Nagarajan , the Athiseshan. The prasad ...  more »
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  • i had been to temple in evening cool place. most of them visit this place to clear the curse in anything related to snake.. people say snake will be coming to this place as it it worshiped as god there.
  • √•...It's a Best One of the Above "1000 Years" Oldest Famous "Naga Dosh Parihara" Shrine in South India. *:*.../Special of here/ - In, Every Sunday Crowd of People Come here for Pariharam. √•.../Popular of here/ - In, Tamil Month "Aavani" (Lakh of Devotees) Come Here For 'NagDosh' Pariharam and Special Poojas here. √•...'Nagercoil' is the name of Originated from this "Nagaraja Temple". √•... Almost Shrines are Raghu and Kethu for Nag Dosh Pariharam But this Temple One & Only King NagaRaja (Vasuki) is Situated here. √•.../Famous of here/ - In, Yearly 'Marhzhi Car Festival' and Karthikai 'Soorampadu' , Navarathiri Festival Celebrated here. *:*...In, "Sabarimala Season"Lord 'Ayyappa Devotees' Almost Visited Here. √•... /ROUTE/ - Devotees, Can Reach This 'Shrine' From Ozhuhinasery Junction (Or) Vadasery 'Bus Stand' in Just "15 Minutes" Walking Distance Only.
  • Loved the calmness around, Neat and perfect to say TEMPLE. One lag is, "New people's are not guided". A guide from temple would be wonderful to proceed with formalities.!
  • This temple of Nagaraja should be built by kings from Kerala or from Tamil Nadu who has inspired by Kerala temple architecture. The pillar near pond indicates Adi shankara and Parashuraman.and above the pillar gate it shows the ayyappa of sabarimala and guruvayoorappan of trissur Kerala,more over the temples of Naga and sarpa kavu are common in Kerala .The soil of these places are fertile .my relative told that the prasadam is served as black and white on consecutive six months .In earlier times Kanyakumari district was actually part of Kerala but not the Pallakhat district.should not wear shirt inside for male persons.Offering milk and tumeric powder are part of snake temple . Temple authorities should take time to clean the temple pond -God is One.
  • One of the must see temple in kanyakumari. The temple is dedicated for the Naga king "lord Naga raja".

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