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Harishchandragad Fort, Junnar

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#23 of 55 in Historic Sites in Pune District
Historic Site Tourist Spot
Harishchandragad (map) is a hill fort in the Ahmednagar district of India. Its history is linked with that of Malshej Ghat, kothale village and it has played a major role in guarding and controlling the surrounding region.HistoryThe fort is quite ancient. Remnants of Microlithic man have been discovered here. The various Puranas (ancient scriptures) like Matsyapurana, Agnipurana and Skandapurana include many references about Harishchandragad. Its origin is said to have been in the 6th century, during the rule of Kalachuri dynasty. The citadel was built during this era. The various caves probably have been carved out in the 11th century. In these caves are idols of Lord Vishnu. Though the cliffs are named Taramati and Rohidas, they are not related to Ayodhya. Great sage Changdev (one who created the epic Tatvasaar), used to meditate here in the 14th century. The caves are from the same period. The various constructions on the fort and those existing the surrounding region point to the existence of diverse cultures here. The carvings on the temples of Nageshwar (in Khireshwar village), in the Harishchandreshwar temple and in the cave of Kedareshwar indicate that the fort belongs to the medieval period, since it is related to mahadeva as a totem of tribes koli mahadev. they was control the fort before the Moguls. Later the fort was under the control of Moguls. The Marathas captured it in 1747.Fascinating SpotsSaptatirtha PushkarniTo the east of the temple is a well-built lake called “Saptatirtha”. On its bank are temple-like constructions in which there are idols of Lord Vishnu. Recently these idols have been shifted in the caves near the temple of Harishchandreshwar. These days many trekkers have been responsible for the sad plight of this place, as they throw plastic wastes and other things in the pond. 7 years back the water was potable, and now it isn't suitable even to swim. (However, this water is so cold in summer also that you can actually feel like you are standing in a refrigeration unit.)
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  • I went through a group...the office organised a amaing nightout....food was organised and also sleeping bags n all was organised....we started at around 7 in the morning and reached by 10.30 on the to...  more »
  • If you are an amateur trekker then just take the easy route don't go near Khireshwar. If you want an experience of a lifetime then go the Khireshwar route. Tent and food available upstairs. So you sho...  more »
  • A good 2 day trek. We started at around 3 pm and reached till the temple at around 6 pm. A pleasant and easy trek with lots of good views. We camped at night. Locals are very helpful and you will get ...  more »