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Askja, Iceland

(75+ reviews on the web)
Geologic Formation Nature / Park
Askja is a caldera situated in a remote part of the central highlands of Iceland. The name Askja refers to a complex of nested calderas within the surrounding Dyngjufjöll mountains, which rise to 1510m, askja meaning box or caldera in IcelandicLocationThe region is only accessible for a few months of the year. Being situated in the rain shadow to the northeast of the Vatnajökull glacier, the area receives only about 450 mm of rainfall annually. The area was used during training for the Apollo program to prepare astronauts for the lunar missions. Their main objective in Askja was to study geology.EruptionsAskja was virtually unknown until the tremendous eruption which started on March 29, 1875. Especially in the eastern fjords of Iceland, the ashfall was heavy enough to poison the land and kill livestock. Ash, or tephra from this eruption was wind-blown to Norway and Sweden. The eruption triggered a substantial wave of emigration from Iceland. Another less well-known eruption occurred in the early Holocene, ca 11,000 years ago. Tephra from this eruption has been found in south-east Sweden, Northern Ireland and north Norway. The last eruption of Askja was in 1961.
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TripAdvisor
  • If you plan a trip to Iceland you cannot miss Askja lava desert and caldera. You definitely need a 4x4 outlander to drive there safely (SUV are not recommended) and then you have to walk for another h...  more »
  • Title say it all, I was amaze by what I have seen and the road in our tiny Jimny was fun. The caldera and crater there are very beautiful. Didn't go for a swim though, was very slippery because of the...  more »
  • We drove to Askja in October 2016, it's just the end of the season and thus a couple of days after the road was closed. Drive from Myvatn Route 1 -> F905 -> F910, then about 40 minutes walk from Vikra...  more »