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Salgótarján is a city with county rights in Nógrád county, north-eastern Hungary.LocationAt the foot of Karancs mountain, in the Cserhát hills, 250 meters above sea level, 120km north-east from Budapest, 70km west from Miskolc. Salgótarján is surrounded by beautiful forests and hills topped with castle ruins, which are accessible by bus that may be taken from the center of town.HistoryThe town already existed in the Middle Ages, but information on it is scarce possibly because it was a small settlement. The word salgó means "shining" in Old Hungarian, while Tarján was the name of one of the Hungarian tribes conquering the area.The castle of Salgó was built in the 13th century on a mountain of volcanic origin. In the 13th century the town already had a church.After the 1682 siege of the nearby Castle of Fülek (today Fiľakovo, Slovakia) the town was deserted, and new settlers arrived only ten years later, but remained a small village.Development came in the mid-19th century, when a coal mine was opened nearby. The job opportunities provided by the mine and the developing industry began to attract people. The village grew quickly and was granted town status in 1922. Today visitors can see the remains of the mining industry by visiting the Mine Museum, which is located next to the main entrance of the mine.In 1950, Salgótarján became the capital of Nógrád county instead of the previous county seat Balassagyarmat. In the next twenty years several villages were annexed to the growing city.Plan how to spend your time in Salgotarjan and other destinations in Hungary using our Hungary vacation planner.
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