Mixco Viejo, San Juan Sacatepequez

4.6
#17 of 31 in Outdoors in Sacatepequez Department
Mixco Viejo, occasionally spelt Mixcu Viejo, is an archaeological site in the north east of the Chimaltenango department of Guatemala, some 50km to the north of Guatemala City and 4km from the junction of the rivers Pixcaya and Motagua. It is a moderate sized ruined city of the Postclassic Maya civilization.The archaeological site and tourist attraction of Mixco Viejo was named after being erroneously associated with the Postclassic Poqomam capital referred to in colonial records by that name. The archaeological site has now been identified as Jilotepeque Viejo, the capital of the Chajoma Kaqchikel kingdom. To distinguish between the two, the ruins of the Chajoma capital are now referred to as Mixco Viejo while the former Poqomam capital is referred to as Mixco Viejo .This confusion in the identification of the site has hindered study. The Chajoma capital has been investigated archaeologically, under the assumption that it was the Poqomam capital. Although the Chajoma ruins of Jilotepeque Viejo have been well described archaeologically, the archaeological data has been associated with the history of a different site entirely. Doubts about the identification of the archaeological site were first raised by Robert M. Carmack, who realised that the supposed Poqomam capital was not located within the Poqomam linguistic area but rather within the linguistic area of the Kaqchikels. The Poqomam who were settled in the new colonial settlement of Mixco by the Spanish had a long history of fine polychrome ceramic production, but no evidence of such production had been recovered during archaeological investigations, and the ruins were considered too distant from colonial Mixco.
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Mixco Viejo Reviews
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26 reviews
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  • These ruined are amazing they do a great job in keeping them clean. When you arrive there you really get an amazing feeling of what it was like to live back in those days. They skill it took to make t...  more »
  • The well fortified city fell to the Spanish led by Pedro Alverdo in 1520, following a month long siege that employed additional Mayan mercenaries, Spanish calvery and firearms. The Spanish massacred m...  more »
  • Chuwa nima´ab´aj, which means facing the big stone, was the capital of the Poqomam Manor. It is a charming archaeological site. It is a fortress located in hills near the confluence of the rivers Pixcaya, surrounded by canyons that served for his defense and Motagua. It was founded in the 12th century of the common era and is estimated that it had about 10,000 inhabitants. From the top of the pyramids, one can imagine milpa fields, the people's houses and the commercial, social and political life in that place. The vegetation that is intense this season, for its characteristic architecture and by the nature of their stones - very well cut, varied and bright colors - this site is one of the most beautiful. There is great peace, here; occasionally interrupted by the cries of not many visitors. Chuwa nim abaj fairly careful. The site is clean and there are some very convenient Cotes for well field and rest day. Before walking around the Citadel, we ate and did NAP on one of these huts, which was higher and the breeze that caressed. As the site is great and the Sun is relentless, should bring plenty of water, hat and sunscreen. Ah, as I enjoy strolling among the ruins of pyramids and palaces, among the grass and trees. Looking for shadow and receiving the breeze. The silence is wonderful among all that. When the Sun came down and the temperature became more pleasant, the experience was even more enjoyable. The road to Chuwa nim abaj is in very good condition for 85% of the journey; and although they are only 60 kilometers from the city of Guatemala, one late two and a half hours to arrive due to the curves, which takes out populations of the city, and the step. With all and all it is a nice trip. Of trip we went through city quetzal and San Raymundo, which is a way that we had never taken. We were 9 years old not to go, and the first time we went was in 2001. Back we decided to do it by San Juan Sacatepéquez which is the way that we knew; but us distracted and stopped by Sajcavilla. What added some excitement to the trip, mostly because it was dark.
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  • Beauty, completely all the time was incredible and great, the Mayan culture is a wonderful and exceptional civilization, you can see many buildings over there
  • Extensive ruins and reconstructed ruins. Have been six times and caution that the altitude and sun can be taxing.
  • Amazingly beautiful place in the heart of the Mayan world.
  • It was a great experience! There is so much to see. You need to have more than a few hours to enjoy the view and see and climb some of the ruins...
  • Good place to admire the mayan culture.
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