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Mount Parnassus, Delphi
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Mount Parnassus is a mountain of limestone in central Greece that towers above Delphi, north of the Gulf of Corinth, and offers scenic views of the surrounding olive groves and countryside. According to Greek mythology, this mountain was sacred to Dionysus and the Dionysian mysteries; it was also sacred to Apollo and the Corycian nymphs, and it was the home of the Muses. The mountain was also favored by the Dorians. There is a theory that Parna- derived from the same root as the word in Luwian meaning House.Geology and GeographyParnassus is one of the largest mountainous regions of Mainland Greece and one of the highest Greek mountains. It spreads over three municipalities, namely of Boeotia, Phthiotis and Phocis, where lies its largest part. Its altitude is 2,547 meters and its highest peak is Liakouras. To the Northeast it is connected to Giona and to the south with Kirphe. Its name is due to the homonymous hero of the Greek mythology, son of Cleopompus (or Poseidon) and Cleodora, who had built on the mountain a city which was destroyed in the Deluge of Deukalion. Etymological analysis, however, shows a prehellenic origin of the name and alludes to the Pelasgians. The mountain is delimited to the east by the valley of the Boeotian Kephissus and to the West by the valley of Amfissa. The geological particularity of Parnassus is its rich deposits of bauxite, which has led to their systematic mining since the end of the 1930s, resulting in ecological damage to part of the mountain.
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TripAdvisor
  • The mountain area around and including the Delphi site is amazing and there are several little towns to explore as you go up the mountain toward Delphi. We stopped at Arachova which was like a ski tow...  more »
  • Mount Parnassus is, I believe, the second highest peak in Greece, after Mount Olympus. The ancient oracle center of Delphi is on the middle slopes, and the view from there across the valley and up to ...  more »
  • This is the mountain that sits above Delphi and it is a most impressive view - somehow the drive in and around here to get to the archeological site is made special by the most beautiful views from of...  more »