Worms Synagogue, Worms

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The Worms Synagogue, also known as Rashi Shul, is an 11th-century synagogue located in Worms, Germany.HistoryThe first synagogue at the site was built in 1034 and is therefore regarded as the oldest existing synagogue in Germany. The building was first destroyed during the First Crusade in 1096 and subsequently rebuilt in 1175 in the Romanesque style. In 1186 southwest of the synagogue a subterranean mikveh was constructed.During the pogroms of 1349 and 1615 the synagogue was badly damaged: in both pogroms the vaulted ceilings and the walls were heavily damaged. During reconstruction after 1355 Gothic forms for the window and the vault were chosen. Of comparable seriousness was the damage after the fire of 1689 during the Nine Years' War. When the building was restored in 1700, the interior was renovated in period style.On Kristallnacht in 1938 the synagogue was once again attacked and reduced to rubble. It was painstakingly reconstructed in 1961, using as many of the original stones as could be salvaged. The synagogue, open as a museum, continues to be a functioning synagogue used by the Jewish community.In May 2010, the synagogue was firebombed by arsonists, suspected to be anti-Zionists. The firebombs were thrown against eight corners of the stone building and against a window, but no one was injured and no serious damage to the building was reported.ArchitectureBuilt at the point when late Romanesque style was fading and Gothic rising, the rectangular prayer hall features a pair of Romanesque columns supporting groin vaults. The windows in the thick stone walls are simple gothic arches. The windows in the adjoining study hall, the so-called Rashi Shul, have rounded Romanesque arches. The women’s section of the prayer hall has Romanesque windows in the eastern wall, and gothic windows in the western wall.
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Worms Synagogue Reviews
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  • A special place to visit. Already 1000 years in this city. Destroyed several times and yet time and again rebuilt. This building is a symbol of the suffering of Judaism
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  • We could visit the synagogue only from outside, because she had already closed. The construction is very impressive from the outside, we want to see him in any case during the next visit to worms from the inside.
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  • The synagogue is a typical example of historical awareness and lived up to date. It is not a Museum, but a House of worship, and more. Let be surprised most with a knowledgeable guide.
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  • In a alley you may find a small Synagogue with long history. If you visit Worms don't miss it.
  • Very interesting. Questions could be answered by staff. A must for those interested.
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  • שריד לקהילה היהודית העתיקה בעיר וורמס מקום מושבו של רש"י במשך כמה שנים, במקום בית כנסת צנוע חדר לימוד ומקווה
  • According to our guide throughout Europe among the Jewish communities, worms has a very good sound. When visiting the synagogue, one gains a sense of.
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  • The ancient monument of architecture. Great place for excursions.
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14 days in Germany BY A USER FROM UNITED STATES June, kids, culture, outdoors, relaxing, beaches, historic sites, museums, shopping, popular & hidden gems PREFERENCES: June, kids, culture, outdoors, relaxing, beaches, historic sites, museums, shopping ATTRACTION STYLE: Popular & hidden gems PACE: Medium 1 day in Worms BY A USER FROM GERMANY October, kids, outdoors, historic sites, museums, shopping, wildlife, slow & easy, popular PREFERENCES: October, kids, outdoors, historic sites, museums, shopping, wildlife ATTRACTION STYLE: Popular PACE: Slow & easy 3 days in Worms BY A USER FROM GERMANY October, culture, outdoors, historic sites, museums, shopping, wildlife, slow & easy, popular PREFERENCES: October, culture, outdoors, historic sites, museums, shopping, wildlife ATTRACTION STYLE: Popular PACE: Slow & easy 3 days in Worms BY A USER FROM CHINA October, culture, outdoors, popular PREFERENCES: October, culture, outdoors ATTRACTION STYLE: Popular PACE: Medium 20 days in Europe BY A USER FROM UNITED STATES July, teens, popular PREFERENCES: July, teens ATTRACTION STYLE: Popular PACE: Medium 3 days in Worms BY A USER FROM NETHERLANDS July, popular PREFERENCES: July ATTRACTION STYLE: Popular PACE: Medium 40 days in Europe BY A USER FROM SAUDI ARABIA September, fast-paced, popular & hidden gems PREFERENCES: September ATTRACTION STYLE: Popular & hidden gems PACE: Fast-paced 22 days in Spain & Germany BY A USER FROM BRAZIL September, outdoors, relaxing, popular PREFERENCES: September, outdoors, relaxing ATTRACTION STYLE: Popular PACE: Medium 22 days in Germany & Spain BY A USER FROM BRAZIL September, outdoors, relaxing, popular PREFERENCES: September, outdoors, relaxing ATTRACTION STYLE: Popular PACE: Medium 22 days in Spain & Germany BY A USER FROM BRAZIL September, outdoors, relaxing, romantic, beaches, popular PREFERENCES: September, outdoors, relaxing, romantic, beaches ATTRACTION STYLE: Popular PACE: Medium 9 days in Germany & Austria BY A USER FROM CANADA March, culture, historic sites, museums, fast-paced, popular PREFERENCES: March, culture, historic sites, museums ATTRACTION STYLE: Popular PACE: Fast-paced 17 days in Europe BY A USER FROM GERMANY March, historic sites, popular PREFERENCES: March, historic sites ATTRACTION STYLE: Popular PACE: Medium
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