Worms Synagogue, Worms

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The Worms Synagogue, also known as Rashi Shul, is an 11th-century synagogue located in Worms, Germany.HistoryThe first synagogue at the site was built in 1034 and is therefore regarded as the oldest existing synagogue in Germany. The building was first destroyed during the First Crusade in 1096 and subsequently rebuilt in 1175 in the Romanesque style. In 1186 southwest of the synagogue a subterranean mikveh was constructed.During the pogroms of 1349 and 1615 the synagogue was badly damaged: in both pogroms the vaulted ceilings and the walls were heavily damaged. During reconstruction after 1355 Gothic forms for the window and the vault were chosen. Of comparable seriousness was the damage after the fire of 1689 during the Nine Years' War. When the building was restored in 1700, the interior was renovated in period style.On Kristallnacht in 1938 the synagogue was once again attacked and reduced to rubble. It was painstakingly reconstructed in 1961, using as many of the original stones as could be salvaged. The synagogue, open as a museum, continues to be a functioning synagogue used by the Jewish community.In May 2010, the synagogue was firebombed by arsonists, suspected to be anti-Zionists. The firebombs were thrown against eight corners of the stone building and against a window, but no one was injured and no serious damage to the building was reported.ArchitectureBuilt at the point when late Romanesque style was fading and Gothic rising, the rectangular prayer hall features a pair of Romanesque columns supporting groin vaults. The windows in the thick stone walls are simple gothic arches. The windows in the adjoining study hall, the so-called Rashi Shul, have rounded Romanesque arches. The women’s section of the prayer hall has Romanesque windows in the eastern wall, and gothic windows in the western wall.
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Worms Synagogue Reviews
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  • Honestly, there are not very many medieval synagogues left in middle Europe. It is a wonder that this building still exists. It is located along narrow medieval alleys. The form of the building is sim...  more »
  • A special place to visit. Already 1000 years in this city. Destroyed several times and yet time and again rebuilt. This building is a symbol of the suffering of Judaism
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  • We could visit the synagogue only from outside, because she had already closed. The construction is very impressive from the outside, we want to see him in any case during the next visit to worms from the inside.
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  • Small, but very nice and historical place. This a place with tradition, the men aren't allowed to go in without special hat. The person who watching it, could tell you the story of this place and explain some Jewish traditions, unfortunately only in Germany.
  • The simplicity of this building combined with the quiet dignity of Heilige Sand is something that must be experienced in this important city.
  • In a alley you may find a small Synagogue with long history. If you visit Worms don't miss it.
  • Very interesting. Questions could be answered by staff. A must for those interested.
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  • Absolutely worth visiting!
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