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Plauen

Trip Planner Europe  /  Germany  /  Saxony  /  Plauen
(4.6/5 based on 10 reviews for 2 attractions)
Things to do: museums, shopping
Plauen is a town in the Free State of Saxony, east-central Germany.It is the capital town of the district Vogtlandkreis. The town is situated near the border of Bavaria and the Czech Republic.HistoryPlauen was founded by Polabian Slavs in the 12th century and was passed to the Kingdom of Bohemia in 1327. The town was captured by the Archbishop of Magdeburg, Lippold von Bredow, in 1384. In 1466, it was passed to Albertine Saxony and later in 1569 to the Electorate of Saxony. Plauen became incoporated into the Kingdom of Saxony in 1806 during the Napoleonic Wars.In the late-19th century, Plauen became a centre of textile manufacturing, specializing in lace. Around 1910, Plauen, as an industrial 'boomtown' of the region, reached its population peak (1910 census: 121,000, 1912: 128,000).In the 1930s, Plauen earned the distinction of hosting the first chapter of the Nazi Party outside of Bavaria. Plauen's population, however, has shrunk dramatically since the Second World War (1939: 111,000 inhabitants). It was occupied by American troops in 16 April 1945 but was left to Red Army in 1 July 1945.
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