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Veste Oberhaus, Passau

(4.4/5 based on 220+ reviews on the web)
Veste Oberhaus is a fortress that was founded in 1219 and, for most of its time, served as the stronghold of the Bishop of Passau, Germany. It is currently the site of a museum, a youth hostel, and a restaurant, as well as an open-air theatre dating to 1934.The fortress is located on the mountain crest (St. Georgsberg) on the left side of the Danube between it and the Ilz, and dominates the old city of Passau, which it faces across the Danube. Below Oberhaus on the promontory between the two rivers is Veste Niederhaus, part of the fortress system.HistoryThe fortress was built in 1219 by Ulrich II, the first prince-bishop of Passau, at the location of a previously existing chapel dedicated to St. George. The intention was to express the military strength of the bishopric and support the bishop's status as an elector of the Holy Roman Empire, granted in 1217, and also to protect against both external enemies and internal threats such as those citizens of Passau who wished to acquire the independent status of a free imperial city.As siege techniques improved over the centuries, Veste Oberhaus was repeatedly renovated and extended, beginning in 1255 - 56, so that it offers an opportunity to study fortification techniques from the 13th through the early 19th century. The inscription "1499" prominent on the facade refers to one of these renovations. The most significant rebuilding took place under Leonhard von Laiming, Christoph von Schachner, Urban von Trennbach, and Johann Philipp von Lamberg. Under them, the fortress developed from a Gothic citadel to an early Renaissance princely residence, a "fortified princely castle", and finally, in the era of invasion by the Turks, a regional fortress and symbol of aristocratic status. Archeological investigations in the 1990s revealed traces of a 17th-century residential tower.
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Reviews
TripAdvisor
  • Rise is well signposted, beautiful panoramic Museum is very informative and it should take too long. It runs through the entire vest. The attached restaurant is well decorated. It has a very nice look at Passau. The prices are typical tourist destination, something lifted. I've eaten better Weisswurst.
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  • We did this as an excursion during our river cruise. Alex, our tour guide, made this trip fantastic. Interesting tidbits of info regarding the city and the fortress' history really made this trip grea...  more »
  • The museum at Veste Oberhaus is very nicely set up, and sufficiently interesting that a 9 years old enjoys a visit to there.  more »
Google
  • Fantastic site. Best views from cafe. Cafe staff friendly and helpful
  • Oh my God! We spend a full day visiting this huge medieval castle! it is surprisingly detailed and when you start the visit you can't see how big it is. You pass thru rooms representing several periods of the castle history. Amazing!
  • This place is The best place for viewing Passau. Restaurant has wonderful and yummy dishes. I advice to everybody for eating or taking photo.
  • The building is fantastic. The view is the best in Passau. The restaurant is fine but somewhat expensive (you're paying for the view).
  • Great food, nice location. Steak right at the point.