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Veste Oberhaus, Passau

4.5
#2 of 18 in Things to do in Passau
Landmark Tourist Spot
Veste Oberhaus is a fortress that was founded in 1219 and, for most of its time, served as the stronghold of the Bishop of Passau, Germany. It is currently the site of a museum, a youth hostel, and a restaurant, as well as an open-air theatre dating to 1934.The fortress is located on the mountain crest (St. Georgsberg) on the left side of the Danube between it and the Ilz, and dominates the old city of Passau, which it faces across the Danube. Below Oberhaus on the promontory between the two rivers is Veste Niederhaus, part of the fortress system.HistoryThe fortress was built in 1219 by Ulrich II, the first prince-bishop of Passau, at the location of a previously existing chapel dedicated to St. George. The intention was to express the military strength of the bishopric and support the bishop's status as an elector of the Holy Roman Empire, granted in 1217, and also to protect against both external enemies and internal threats such as those citizens of Passau who wished to acquire the independent status of a free imperial city.As siege techniques improved over the centuries, Veste Oberhaus was repeatedly renovated and extended, beginning in 1255 - 56, so that it offers an opportunity to study fortification techniques from the 13th through the early 19th century. The inscription "1499" prominent on the facade refers to one of these renovations. The most significant rebuilding took place under Leonhard von Laiming, Christoph von Schachner, Urban von Trennbach, and Johann Philipp von Lamberg. Under them, the fortress developed from a Gothic citadel to an early Renaissance princely residence, a "fortified princely castle", and finally, in the era of invasion by the Turks, a regional fortress and symbol of aristocratic status. Archeological investigations in the 1990s revealed traces of a 17th-century residential tower.
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4.5
  • Do feel brave and walk up the hill to this fabulous view. There is a cafe there to view the meeting point of 3 rivers (Danube, Inn, Ilz). The walk up the hill is directly across from the bridge which ...  more »
  • GREAT VIEW OF PASSAU! This castle overlooks the entire area and is worth your time to visit. We took a bus from town up to the castle. Cost about 2 euro per person. Once there, we walked through the b...  more »
  • I think this is the best place to overlook Passau. There is also a restaurant overlooking Passau. Not sure about the food, we did not eat there, but you cannot beat the location  more »
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  • Huge informative museum, lots of parking, and a beer garden overlooking Passau. Would recommend checking it out if you find yourself in Passau
  • Nice museum up the hill in Passau. It can be a bit of a hike.
  • Fantastic site. Best views from cafe. Cafe staff friendly and helpful
  • Oh my God! We spend a full day visiting this huge medieval castle! it is surprisingly detailed and when you start the visit you can't see how big it is. You pass thru rooms representing several periods of the castle history. Amazing!
  • This place is The best place for viewing Passau. Restaurant has wonderful and yummy dishes. I advice to everybody for eating or taking photo.