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Oranienburg

Trip Planner Europe  /  Germany  /  Brandenburg  /  Oranienburg
(4/5 based on 3,000+ reviews for 5 attractions)
Things to do: historic sites, museums, zoos & aquariums
Oranienburg is a town in Brandenburg, Germany. It is the capital of the district of Oberhavel.GeographyOranienburg is a town located on the banks of the Havel river, 35 km north of the centre of Berlin.Division of the townOranienburg consists of 9 districts Friedrichsthal Germendorf Lehnitz Malz Oranienburg Sachsenhausen Schmachtenhagen Wensickendorf ZehlendorfHistoryThe original name of Oranienburg was Bötzow. The town was founded in the 12th century and was first mentioned in 1216. Albert the Bear is believed to have ordered the construction of a castle on the banks of the Havel. Around the castle there was a settlement of traders and craftsmen.In 1646, Friedrich Wilhelm I of Brandenburg married Louise Henriette of Orange-Nassau (German: Oranien-Nassau). She was so attracted by the town of Bötzow, that her husband presented the entire region to her. The princess ordered a new castle to be built in the Dutch style and called it Oranienburg or Schloss Oranienburg. In 1653, the town of Bötzow was renamed Oranienburg.Silvio Gesell, the founder of Freiwirtschaft, lived in Oranienburg between 1911 an 1915, publishing his magazine, "Der Physiocrat". He returned to the town in 1927 and lived there up to his death in 1930. The town remained a center of the free economy movement until it was outlwed by the Nazi regime in 1933, and many of Gessel's followers ended up as prisoners in the town's concentration camp.
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