Old Synagogue, Essen

4.6
#16 of 75 in Things to do in Essen
The Old Synagogue is a cultural meeting center and memorial in the city of Essen in Germany. It is located in the center of the city on Edmund-Körner-Platz 1, close to the present city hall.The memorial center was founded in 1980 and is accommodated in the pre-war Jewish community's synagogue. The synagogue, together with the attached Rabbinerhaus, which today houses the Salomon Ludwig Steinheim Institute, was finished after a two-year construction period in 1913. It was originally consecrated as the Neue Synagoge . Today the building is one of the largest, best preserved and architecturally most impressive testimonies to Jewish culture in pre-war Germany.History of the buildingThe Essen synagogue was the cultural and social center of the Jewish community. In 1933 it claimed approximately 5,000 members. It served this function until the so-called "Reichspogromnacht" (also known as Kristallnacht) of 9 - 10 November 1938, when it was severely damaged on the inside by plundering, though the exterior remained nearly intact. Although Essen itself was very heavily bombed (see Bombing of Essen in World War II), the building itself managed to survive the Second World War without further damage.From 1945-1959 the former synagogue stood unused as ruin at the edge of the Essen city center. In 1959, the surviving Jewish community, after it had been using Rabbinerhaus as their center, built a new, much smaller synagogue, which is the current place of worship. In the same year, the city of Essen acquired the former synagogue and in the following years of 1960/1961 renovated it into a museum for industrial design, the "Haus Industrieform". For this purpose, all existing elements were removed or painted over. The ark for the torah was destroyed; the mosaics and ornaments were painted over. Following the spirit of the time, the inside was completely redesigned to a much more sober form to fit the purpose, no longer showing its former use as a synagogue. The main prayer hall was divided by a new floor and the ceiling was covered up.
Take the guesswork out of planning a Essen vacation by using our trip itinerary maker.
Source
Create an itinerary including Old Synagogue
map
Old Synagogue Reviews
Rate this attraction
TripAdvisor Traveler Rating
TripAdvisor Traveler Rating 4.0
71 reviews
Google
5.0
TripAdvisor
  • Having been born and lived in Essen for 25 years, I have visited the Alte Synagoge numerous times and participated in the Gedenbuckprojekt in school. I like the new exhibit (not sure how new it is tho...  more »
  • Synagogue in Essen is a big and beautiful on the outside, and from there is even prettier. The synagogue has been converted into a museum. When I entered the synagogue women at the entrance that says English language gave me the key to the closet to put in his backpack and sent me to the basement where there is mentioned a wardrobe and a coat rack for jackets. Use the closet to pay 1 EUR, and the entrance to the synagogue is not paid. It is possible to check on prizelje and a balcony. There are a large number of images of famous Jews. For a tour of 60 minutes is enough.
    View original
  • The Church seen from the train when you go to the Zollverein coal mine ruins is the round tower from is memorable, I looked into after the Jewish Christian Church was. Would like to see in what's next.
    View original
Google
  • Faith and peace of mind
    View original
Places to stay near Old Synagogue

Plan your trip to Essen

  • Get a personalized plan

    A complete day-by-day itinerary
    based on your preferences
  • Customize it

    Refine your plan. We'll find the
    best routes and schedules
  • Book it

    Choose from the best hotels
    and activities. Up to 50% off
  • Manage it

    Everything in one place.
    Everyone on the same page.

Plans to Old Synagogue by other users

11 days in Essen BY A USER FROM CHILE May, relaxing, popular PREFERENCES: May, relaxing ATTRACTION STYLE: Popular PACE: Medium 28 days in Dusseldorf BY A USER FROM NIGERIA May, popular PREFERENCES: May ATTRACTION STYLE: Popular PACE: Medium 6 days in Europe BY A USER FROM GERMANY April, culture, beaches, historic sites, popular PREFERENCES: April, culture, beaches, historic sites ATTRACTION STYLE: Popular PACE: Medium 33 days in Essen BY A USER FROM UNITED STATES April, popular PREFERENCES: April ATTRACTION STYLE: Popular PACE: Medium 20 days in Dusseldorf BY A USER FROM INDIA July, popular PREFERENCES: July ATTRACTION STYLE: Popular PACE: Medium 38 days in Dusseldorf BY A USER FROM EGYPT April, shopping, popular PREFERENCES: April, shopping ATTRACTION STYLE: Popular PACE: Medium 8 days in Amsterdam & Dortmund BY A USER FROM KUWAIT May, popular PREFERENCES: May ATTRACTION STYLE: Popular PACE: Medium 13 days in Germany, Amsterdam & Brussels BY A USER FROM IRAN March, popular PREFERENCES: March ATTRACTION STYLE: Popular PACE: Medium 60 days in Germany BY A USER FROM INDIA March, popular PREFERENCES: March ATTRACTION STYLE: Popular PACE: Medium 60 days in Dusseldorf BY A USER FROM INDIA March, popular PREFERENCES: March ATTRACTION STYLE: Popular PACE: Medium 8 days in Ruhr Area BY A USER FROM ROMANIA March, culture, outdoors, relaxing, historic sites, wildlife, popular PREFERENCES: March, culture, outdoors, relaxing, historic sites, wildlife ATTRACTION STYLE: Popular PACE: Medium 30 days in Dusseldorf BY A USER FROM TUNISIA April, popular PREFERENCES: April ATTRACTION STYLE: Popular PACE: Medium
View more plans