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Trip Planner Europe  /  Germany  /  Saxony  /  Colditz
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Historic Sites
Colditz is a town in Saxony, Germany, on the banks of the river Zwickauer Mulde near Leipzig. The town had a population of 5,188 in 2005.The town is best known for Colditz Castle, which was used as a prisoner-of-war camp in World War I and again in World War II, when it was titled Oflag IV-C.HistoryThe first record of a settlement, located on the river Mulde, called Cholidistcha dates to the year 1046. In 1083, Henry IV recommended that Markgraf Wiprecht of Groitzsch build a castle on the cliff above the river. In the 12th century, houses were built around the marketplace and the St. Nicholas church was built. In 1265, town rights were granted by the ruler. In 1504, the baker accidentally set Colditz on fire, and the city hall, church, castle and a large part of the town went up in flames. In 1506, reconstruction began and new buildings were raised around the rear castle courtyard.In the 17th century, a textile and weaving industry developed. In the 18th century, clay from the Colditz area started to be used in the Meissen porcelain factory that was established in 1710 by the Elector of Saxony, Augustus the Strong. In 1804 a ceramics factory was established in Colditz by Thomsberger & Hermann.
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