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Trip Planner Europe  /  Germany  /  Schleswig-Holstein  /  Busum
Büsum is a fishing and tourist town in the district of Dithmarschen, in Schleswig-Holstein, Germany. It is situated on the North Sea coast, approx. 18 km southwest of Heide.Büsum is also the administrative seat of the Amt ("collective municipality") Büsum-Wesselburen.History and geographyThe first documented mention of Büsum dates from the year 1140. The island's name on medieval documents changed several times from the original Bivsne to Busin, Busen, and Buzen . Büsum's medieval history has been documented through the chronicles of Neocorus, a pastor and teacher in Büsum during the 16th century.Geographical historyDuring medieval times, Büsum was an island with three villages, Süderdorp, Middeldorp and Norddorp. Devastating floods in 1362 (Grote Mandrenke), 1436, and 1570 (All Saint's Flood) drowned most of the island and destroyed the two settlements Süderdorp and Middeldorp. The former Norddorp with the St. Clemens church nowadays forms the old core of the town Büsum.In 1585, the island was connected with the mainland through the building of a dam. Subsequent deposits of sediment by the sea created new land, which was further secured through dikes. Storm floods continued to take their toll as documented in the St. Clemens church with a tabloid commemorating the Burchardi flood of 1634 flood, which killed 168 people and destroyed 102 homes in Büsum. During the devastating Christmas flood of 1717, the village Werven near Büsum sank completely. The last great flood happened during February 1825. Since then, the improved dikes have been able to protect the town from storm tides.
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