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Gonio Fortress, Gonio

Categories: Landmarks, Tourist Spots
Inspirock Rating:
4.1/5 based on 70+ reviews on the web
The Gonio-Apsarus fort (length: 222m, width: 195m, total area: 4.75ha) is situated on the left bank of the mouth of the river of Chorokhi (ancient Harpasus®Apsarus®Acampsis), within 12km of Batumi. The height of the walls 5m, while at the corners, where the towers are erected 7m. At present the fort has 18 towers, but originally it had 22.

This is region where the magnificent Colchian culture and first Georgian state entities: Dayaeni and Qulha (13th-8th centuries BC) came into being. Some Roman and Byzantine sources said that, the rise of Apsarus as a settled point belongs to precisely this period. According to the evidence of Stephanus of Byzantine, Artemidorus of Ephesus, Arrian, Procopius, etc. the origin of Apsarus is linked to the expedition of the Argonauts to Aeaea-Colchis, killing of son of King Aeetes, Apsyrtus and burring him here.

The latest data point to the rise of the first settlements here in the 8th-7th centuries BC. Apsarus played an important role in the Classical (5th-4th centuries BC) and Hellenistic (4th-1st centuries BC) periods as well. Namely, built of fortification is linked to Romans. For the first time this castellum was mentioned by Pliny the Elder in his work of AD 77. Apsarus was one of the military, political, economical and cultural centres of Roman world in the Eastern frontier in the 1st-3rd centuries AD. Five auxiliary cohorts (ca. 1200-1500 soldiers) were served and the theatre and hippodrome were functioned here. According some sources (Epiphanius of Cyprus, Dorotheos of Tyre, Sophron, etc.) apostle Matthias is buried in Apsarus. The Byzantines were fortified here from the 40s of the 6th century. This fort is known as Acampsis in the 10th century and as Gonio in the 14th century. Serious Ottoman garrison was stationed here in 1547-1878. Heinrich Schliemann, Niko Marr and Theodor Uspenskiy became interested by the history of Apsarus. Small-scale field-exploratory work became possible by the 1960s on this site. A particularly rich gold hoard dated by the 1st-2nd centuries AD was discovered in 1974 during road construction on a slope near the fort. Since 1994, the Gonio-Apsarus Museum and Preservation standing archaeological expedition has carried on large-scale systematic studies.
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  • The oldest fortress of Georgia in 15 km from Batumi. Entrance to the, in my opinion, worth 5 lari per adult, 1 lari per student, and up to 6 years free of charge. On the territory of the fortress there is a tomb, which is considered to be the tomb of the Apostle St. Matthew (one of the twelve apostles of Jesus Christ). Was built as a Citadel of supporting Roman troops. Now a monument to the Roman period. The total length of the walls is 900 meters and height is 5 meters. Especially appreciated the height of children, immediately ran to climb ladders and tickle the nerves of parents)) children there better let go walking with an adult, the tracks are narrow, you can fall. On territory grow Kiwis, who can get the ball! Yet there is a tree with some fruit, very similar to persimmon (it may have a persimmon), very tasty! To visit recommend!
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  • In Gonio fortress was in September 2016. On territory grow Kiwis, persimmons. There is a museum with exhibits that are found on the territory of the fortress. A very ancient fortress, the first mention of it 1-2 BC so little that survived. You can make beautiful images, I recommend).
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  • When you visit were somewhat disappointed as expected to see some architectural structures, albeit in ruins. The entire fortress is composed of a stone wall around the perimeter (apparently well-preserved antique or restored), inside the same nothing-smooth square with trees and shrubs. Centered in the small museum, somewhere on the ground level are conducted archeological action. When the entrance fee. View from the side of the road is impressive, but nothing more
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  • Interesting to look into the ancient history, this fortress was built 2000 or so years ago, there are some museum also, entry is 3 lari for adults, 2 lari for students
  • Great place to visit
  • This place is beautiful, here is museum with pretty exhibits. At the yard you can have a rest.
  • nice place you should see this place
  • Great.
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