Fort Liberia, Villefranche-de-Conflent

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Historic Site · Tourist Spot
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Fort Libéria is a former military installation in the French commune of Villefranche-de-Conflent in the department of the Pyrénées-Orientales, at the confluence of the rivers Têt, Rotjà, and Cady. Constructed to defend the newly acquired territory of the Roussillon following the Treaty of the Pyrenees (1659), it was designed by Louis XIV's military engineer Sébastien Le Prestre de Vauban on a hill above the village of Villefranche-de-Conflent. The fort was occupied by a garrison of 100 people and their officers, and equipped with ten cannons. It was only attacked once, and lost its military function in the 19th century.

It also functioned as a prison: two of the women accused in the Affair of the Poisons were locked up in the fort in 1682 by order of Louis XIV, and died there after being imprisoned for decades. By 1927 the fort was sold, and for a while served as a retirement home for sailors. In 1984 it was sold to a group of local businessmen, and as of 1987, it is accessible to visitors. The fort, and the 734-step long underground staircase leading to it, is classified by the French state as a monument historique, and it is also listed by UNESCO as a World Heritage Site.
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Fort Liberia reviews

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TripAdvisor
  • We walked up to the Fort from the railway station car park following the dirt road which was far easier than climbing hundreds of steps! Once at the top we entered the courtyard and found to our... 
    We walked up to the Fort from the railway station car park following the dirt road which was far easier than climbing hundreds of steps! Once at the top we entered the courtyard and found to our...  more »
  • After a steep climbing via the car park, the Fort is in spectacular condition and had a lovely walk around the walls. Went down into the lower basement and admired the engineering of the building... 
    After a steep climbing via the car park, the Fort is in spectacular condition and had a lovely walk around the walls. Went down into the lower basement and admired the engineering of the building...  more »
  • Fort Liberia is one of the Vauban Fortress located in the upper part of Villefranche-de-Conflent, in Conflent Region, in the South of France. It was built after Pyrenees Treaty (17th Century... 
    Fort Liberia is one of the Vauban Fortress located in the upper part of Villefranche-de-Conflent, in Conflent Region, in the South of France. It was built after Pyrenees Treaty (17th Century...  more »
Google
  • Amazing fort built at the top of a cliff surrounding three valleys. We parked at the train station, walked to the fort first, visited it and then took the awesome underground stairs with 734 steps which arrived in the beautiful century old town... The kids were able to take this climb and descended without issues.
  • Private property? Seriously? 11€ to go inside.
  • You can take +700 steps from the village to the fort! Best cardio of the day 👌🏻
  • Great castel! one of my favorite things to do at Villefranche-de-Conflent
  • Very nice place!

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