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Castellane

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For the neighbourhood in Marseille, see La Castellane.Castellane is a commune in the Alpes-de-Haute-Provence department in southeastern France.GeographyThe town of Castellane is a very old city located upstream of the Gorges du Verdon. The city is 724 meters above sea level.The Roc, or Notre Dame overlooking the city is 184 meters above the city. The historical site has been occupied since the High Middle Ages. The site is accessed from the center of town behind the old Church of St. Andrew. The walk takes about 25 minutes.Two reservoirs are located in the territory of Castellane: Lake Castillon;Lake Chaudanne. The hiking trail GR 4 passes through the town.Peaks and passesCastellane and the Roc. Castellard (1725 m);Pre Chauvin (1741 m);Lèques Pass, the route taken by Napoleon;Blaches Pass, on the road to Saint-André-les-Alpes.Middle AgesIn the early ninth century, all the area around the current town of Castellane was inhabited by only 84 people. To protect themselves from invasions, inhabitants shifted to the top of the Rock which dominates the valley of the Verdon, and on the terraces below the Rock. Some vestiges of this site of Castellane, who was appointed in SINAC 813 (current place called Signal and Petra Castellana in 965) are still visible. For practical reasons, the people then settled at the foot of the Rock in the bottom of the valley.Gradually, three towns came into existence:The Rupes, on top of the Rock, soon entirely occupied by the castle (built in 977 by Pons-Arbaud and Aldebert);the Castrum, halfway up, on a larger site but easy to defend;the Burgum, current site, easily accessible and facilitating trade. In 1189, Baron de Castellane Boniface III was attacked by his lord Alfonso I of Provence whom he refused the honor, and must forfeit. Another war broke out between the Baron and Count of Castellane in 1227. In 1262, Charles I of Anjou submitting VI Boniface of Castellane. In the thirteenth century, the family of Castellane lost possession of the city in favor of the Counts of Provence, and Baillie is installed. To protect themselves from these attacks, in addition to the protections specific to the city, the Castellane build a series of fortified outposts: to Demandolx in custody, Chasteuil, Rougon, and perhaps Taloire.
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