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Bayonne

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Bayonne is a city and commune in southwestern France at the confluence of the Nive and Adour rivers, in the Pyrénées-Atlantiques department, of which it is a sub-prefecture. It belongs to both vernacular cultural regions of Basque Country and Gascony.Together with nearby Anglet, Biarritz, Saint-Jean-de-Luz, and several smaller communes, Bayonne forms an urban area with 178,965 inhabitants at the 1999 census, 40,078 of whom lived in the city of Bayonne proper .The communes of Bayonne, Biarritz, and Anglet have joined into an intercommunal entity called the Agglomération Côte Basque-Adour .HistoryIn the 3rd century AD, the area was the site of a Roman castrum called Lapurdum, which was a military site, but not a port. In 840 the Vikings appeared before Lapurdum; in 842, Viking chieftain Björn Ironside and his troops launched a large-scale inland offensive and settled outside the city on the river bank. Lapurdum was an oppidum and they needed a port. Bayonne (from Basque ibai, "river") became a key place on the route between the Adour and Ebro rivers, which served as a kind of link between the Atlantic Ocean and the Mediterranean Sea. This commercial route was the main goal of Danish invaders in France. By this route, they could easily reach Muslim-controlled Tortosa, which was the main marketplace in Europe dealing with slaves.
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Recently planned trips to Bayonne

15 days in Bayonne BY A USER FROM ARGENTINA March, culture, historic sites, popular & hidden gems PREFERENCES: March, culture, historic sites ATTRACTION STYLE: Popular & hidden gems PACE: Medium 46 days in Europe BY A USER FROM IRELAND May, popular PREFERENCES: May ATTRACTION STYLE: Popular PACE: Medium 7 days in Spain & The Pyrenees BY A USER FROM UNITED STATES September, popular PREFERENCES: September ATTRACTION STYLE: Popular PACE: Medium 16 days in Bayonne BY A USER FROM MEXICO September, culture, outdoors, beaches, historic sites, museums, slow & easy, popular PREFERENCES: September, culture, outdoors, beaches, historic sites, museums ATTRACTION STYLE: Popular PACE: Slow & easy 22 days in France, Spain & Milan BY A USER FROM UNITED KINGDOM June, popular & hidden gems PREFERENCES: June ATTRACTION STYLE: Popular & hidden gems PACE: Medium 20 days in Croatia, Bordeaux & Bayonne BY A USER FROM CANADA August, popular PREFERENCES: August ATTRACTION STYLE: Popular PACE: Medium 29 days in Europe BY A USER FROM NEW ZEALAND September, culture, historic sites, popular & hidden gems PREFERENCES: September, culture, historic sites ATTRACTION STYLE: Popular & hidden gems PACE: Medium 16 days in France & Geneva BY A USER FROM CANADA August, popular PREFERENCES: August ATTRACTION STYLE: Popular PACE: Medium 27 days in Pyrenees-Atlantiques BY A USER FROM MOROCCO July, teens, kids, culture, outdoors, relaxing, beaches, historic sites, museums, hidden gems PREFERENCES: July, teens, kids, culture, outdoors, relaxing, beaches, historic sites, museums ATTRACTION STYLE: Hidden gems PACE: Medium 5 days in Bordeaux & Bayonne BY A USER FROM NORWAY July, culture, outdoors, relaxing, beaches, historic sites, hidden gems PREFERENCES: July, culture, outdoors, relaxing, beaches, historic sites ATTRACTION STYLE: Hidden gems PACE: Medium 5 days in Bayonne BY A USER FROM FRANCE May, culture, relaxing, beaches, historic sites, museums, popular PREFERENCES: May, culture, relaxing, beaches, historic sites, museums ATTRACTION STYLE: Popular PACE: Medium 13 days in France & London BY A USER FROM CANADA August, popular PREFERENCES: August ATTRACTION STYLE: Popular PACE: Medium
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