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Vaasa is a city on the west coast of Finland. It received its charter in 1606, during the reign of Charles IX of Sweden and is named after the Royal House of Vasa. Today, Vaasa has a population of (approximately 90,000 in the Vaasa sub-region), and is the regional capital of Ostrobothnia (, ).The city is bilingual with of the population speaking Finnish as their first language and speaking Swedish, but the surrounding municipalities have much higher rates of Swedish-speakers than that. These circumstances make the region as well as the city an important centre for Finland-Swedish culture.HistoryNameOver the years, Vaasa has changed its name several times, due to alternative spellings, political decisions and language condition changes. At first it was called ' or after the village where it was founded in 1606, but just a few years later the name was changed to Wasa to honor the royal Swedish lineage. Mustasaari (Finnish) or Korsholm (Swedish) remains as the name of the surrounding mostly rural municipality, which since 1973 surrounds the city. The city was known as Wasa between 1606 and 1855, (Swedish) and (Finnish) between 1855 and 1917, (Swedish) and ' (Finnish) beginning from 1917, with the Finnish spelling of the name being the primary one from ca 1930 when Finnish speakers became the majority in the city.FoundationThe history of Korsholm and also of Vaasa begins in the 14th century, when seafarers from the coastal region in central Sweden disembarked at the present Old Vaasa, and the wasteland owners from Southwest Finland came to guard their land.Plan your trip to Vaasa and other Finland destinations using our handy Finland vacation trip planner.
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