Joya de Ceren Archaeological Park, San Salvador
(4.4/5 based on 380+ reviews on the web)
Learn about the daily life of the pre-Columbian Mayan culture at Joya de Ceren Archaeological Park, a World Heritage Site displaying a well-preserved farming village. The 590 CE eruption of a nearby volcano covered the village in 14 layers of ash. While experts believe all the villagers had time to flee, they left behind many of their belongings, including utensils, furniture, and even half-eaten food. The ash kept artifacts and architecture remarkably intact, earning the site the nickname "Pompeii of the Americas." Put Joya de Ceren Archaeological Park into our San Salvador vacation generator to see other points of interest to visit during your vacation in San Salvador.
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Reviews
TripAdvisor
  • The park should have more signage and people willing to give tours, and gift shops and a cafe to rest would be A+, but in general the place is well kept and very interesting. Different than visiting l...  more »
  • Here you can discover some of the lifestyle and customs of our ancestors, is an excellent tour of the structures of ancient settlements.
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  • For archeology buffs interested in seeing an ancient site formerly buried in ash, this place is a must; for others, move on. The entrance price for foreigners (at 300% the local price) might seem a bi...  more »
Google
  • If you like history, you will definitely love it. It's about the maya culture and the history of it.
  • Joya de Cerén is a pre-Columbian site of El Salvador, located in the vicinity of San Juan Opico y Las Flores, in the Department of La Libertad, in the region of El Salvador Centro Occidental. It was inhabited at least since the year 400 by a tax farming village of San Andrés and was abandoned around the year 600 due to the eruption of the Laguna Caldera. The site allows you to appreciate the everyday life of a Mayan village farmer of 1400 years ago (7TH century), the only known in the Salvador.1 is one of the archaeological sites more important Mesoamerican because it shows how was the life of the ordinary people. That is called often the Pompeii of America, in comparison with the archaeological site of Pompeii, located in Italy. In 1993, Joya de Cerén was declared World Heritage site by Unesco. History and discovery [edit] around the year 250 large parts of Central and West of El Salvador was buried under thick layers of ash coming from the Ilopango volcano. The area was abandoned and the cultural evolution of the late Preclassic maya was interrupted for many centuries until the ash became fertile soil. The restoration began not but up to around the year 400. The settlement of Joya de Cerén was founded before the end of the 6TH century. Not much later, around from the year 600, Joya de Cerén was destroyed by the eruption of Loma Caldera, located less than 1 km from the settlement. Although the eruption affected only about 5 km2, is buried the village under 14 layers of ash which fell in several waves at temperatures ranging from 100 to 500 ° C, 2 protecting it from the elements. It is believed that the villagers managed to flee in time, because no body has been found. Leaving behind utensils, ceramics and food. The site was discovered in 1976 when preparing the ground to build silos for the regulator supply Institute (I.R.A.). The first analysis was performed in 1978 and 1980 by Dr. Payson Sheets, Professor of anthropology at the University of Colorado at Boulder, United States. The excavation works were interrupted by the Guerra Civil of El Salvador, but were resumed in 1989 to 1996. 10 structures, having others even more underground have been excavated. Still unknown the boundaries of the site, because today is continuing archaeological prospecting. Joya de Cerén today [edit] maya ceramics found in the archaeological site. The new village of Joya de Cerén, located less than a kilometre away from the exposed structures, is formed mostly by farmers who cultivated their own plots, using almost the same rudimentary techniques of the ancient inhabitants of the destroyed village of Joya de Ceren. Today these people have become great partners of the excavations and the conservation of the site. Conservation [edit] despite being a declared heritage of humanity, the Joya de Ceren archaeological site has multiple problems for conservation. Structures to be compacted Earth, won and lost moisture easily by capillarity within these. The loss and increase of water weakens gradually structures due to the emergence of mineral salts and micro flora such as mosses and lichens or macroflora as ferns. To be still surrounded by the ashes of the volcano Laguna Caldera, and covered by a roof of blade, the amount of moisture that is generated is enormous, especially at full noon. Other actions such as wind erosion wears away the structures. Since the mid-1990s of the 20TH century, it began to develop a plan for handling between CONCULTURA and the Getty Conservation Institute in Los Angeles. This plan determines, by stages, the best way to preserve the site, unfortunately many of the stages carry an enormous economic investment that exceeds the budget given by CONCULTURA to the FOUNDING NGO.
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  • It contains structures that allow known as vivian residents 1,400 years ago. I was surprised the like that have with the constructions current in any of our peoples.
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