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New Town, Prague

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Neighborhood
The New Town is a quarter in the city of Prague in the Czech Republic. New Town is the youngest and largest of the five independent (from the Middle Ages until 1784) towns that today comprise the historic center of modern Prague. New Town was founded in 1348 by Charles IV just outside the city walls to the east and south of the Old Town and encompassed an area of 7.5 km²; about three times the size of the Old Town. The population of Prague in 1378 was well over 40,000, perhaps as much as twice that, making it the 4th most populated city north of the Alps and, by area, the 3rd largest city in Europe. Although New Town can trace its current layout to its construction in the 14th century, only few churches and administrative buildings from this time survive. There are many secular and educational buildings in New Town, but also especially magnificent gothic and baroque churches. These nevertheless are not the main drawing points for tourists. New Town's most famous landmark is Wenceslas Square, which was originally built as a horsemarket and now functions as a center of commerce and tourism. In the 15th century, the Novoměstská radnice, or New Town Hall, was the site of the first of the three defenestrations of Prague.FoundationNo doubt in connection with his coronation as king under the Holy Roman Empire in 1346, Charles IV decided to found a new city in Prague. After he had achieved the city's independence within the church with the creation of the Archbishopric of Prague in 1344, the foundation of the New Town was intended further to enhance the status of the city which was the new residence of the king. In addition, the housing problem within the city walls of Prague that had already been apparent under Charles IV's father John of Luxembourg was crying out for a solution. Many people, mostly poorer Czechs, had settled in suburbs situated at the base of the city walls, and the banks of the Vltava were almost continuously built over.
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  • This square in the neighborhood of the "new town", dedicated to St. Wenceslas, the patron saint of the Czech Republic is distinguished by its unusual form of 750 m long driveway and 60 wide. Perhaps because of its capacity has been the scene of major political rallies in Prague that have occurred throughout history: in 1918 after which was put in place in the 1968 riots antihasburg uprisings, trying to stop the Russian occupation that culminated a year later with Jan Palach's sacrifice in the name of democratic ideals and in 1989, on the eve of the fall of the Soviet regime we held massive rallies. The main building that faces is the National Museum also offers a great view and complete on the place, but you can't escape the retro charm of the Hotel Europa which preserves many elements of Art Nouveau in Prague. A few meters from the fountain, in front of the National Museum there is a monument not very visible because you made horizontally, almost flattened on the pavement that is the cry of pain of this historic square: Flagstone sidewalk from two low circular mounds connected by a bronze cross that recalls both the human figure is that of a torch. It is the monument to Jan Palach and the location of the cross marks the spot where the youth fell to the Earth devoured by flames. I would call this a touching and poignant site that jars with the hustle and bustle of the square.
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  • This area's Center City Hall of new town, the plaza Carlos IV and churches that surround it. As a curiosity, we found the House Doctor Faust inhabited when he made his famous invocation and their studies. (Faustův dům). Nearby is the famous UFleku bar of beer and music.
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  • The whole new town is nice to walk around in, many fine buildings, shops, etc., so no problem with spending a few hours and just wander around, sit in a cafe and take it easy, etc.
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