Silesian Museum, Opava

#4 of 7 in Museums in Moravian-Silesian Region
The Silesian Museum in Opava is the oldest and the third largest museum in the Czech Republic. The museum also manages other heritage sites.HistoryThe main museum was founded on 1 May 1814 by three people, Professor Faustin Ens, Franz Mückusch von Buchberg and the mayor of Opava Johann Joseph Schößler. The museum was placed into a building that was a grammar school and the new collection was known as the Museum Gymnazijni. During the nineteenth century three more museums were founded in the town. After the first world war the Czechoslovak state created a Silesian Museum and an Agricultural Museum was started in 1924 and a Leigionnaires Museum dedicated to the spirit of resistance.This multitude of museums was partially simplified in 1939 when the Museum Gymnazijni and the Silesian Museum were merged as the Reichsgaumuseum. At the end of the war this museum's collections gained artefacts from nearby buildings and the confiscated property of German people. In 1949 the Reichsgaumuseum was given its last name change when it became this Silesian Museum.The museum's current authority comes from a document dated 27 December 2000.DescriptionThe museum is the third largest museum in the Czech Republic and it has 2,400,000 artefacts. The museum cares for a number exhibits which are distributed at different locations. The museum is in charge of an arboretum, a large war memorial, a preserved fortification and a poet's birthplace.The war memorialThe war memorial commemorates a large battle of the second world war between Nazi Germany and Russia and its allies. 13,000 names are recorded there in the village of Hrabyně. These are not just the names of soldiers but also of civilians from Silesia and North Moravia lost during the war.
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Silesian Museum Reviews
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20 reviews
  • July 5, 2017
    The historic building of the Museum is impressive and the museum itself is worth a visit. In the Museum you will find everything from nature after the history of the Opava region.
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  • February 4, 2017
    Nice concert in the Hall of the Museum. Nice staff, willing to help, free to postpone the coats and bags
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  • December 25, 2016
    Was founded in 1814, which makes it the oldest Museum in the Czech Republic. It is very nice. Special thanks to.
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