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Sierra Maestra, Santiago de Cuba Province

Categories: Mountains, Nature & Parks
Inspirock Rating:
4.1/5 based on 70 reviews on the web
Sierra Maestra is a mountain range that runs westward across the south of the old Oriente Province from what is now Guantánamo Province to Niquero in southeast Cuba, rising abruptly from the coast. Some view it as a series of connecting ranges (Vela, Santa Catalina, Quemado Grande, Daña Mariana), which joins with others extending to the west. The Sierra Maestra is the highest area of Cuba. It is rich in minerals, especially copper, manganese, chromium, and iron. At 1,974 m (6,476 ft), Pico Turquino is the range's highest point.OrographyCuba rides on a separate tectonic plate, which originally was in the Pacific Ocean but (after crossing between the then separated Americas) crashed into Florida. This along with several other violent events (including volcanic activity, the crash of the comet Chicxulub, and earthquakes the Sierra Maestra is immediately north of the Bartlett Deep, or Cayman Trench on the main Caribbean Plate) fractured huge slabs of rocks. Enormous tsunamis presumably from the volcanoes on the Canary Islands carved great steps on the coast. All this caused emergence of these mountains in a complex process that included lifting up of now cave-ridden calcareous deposits, and the development of the Bartlett Deep or Cayman Trough. Originally heavily forested and divided by deep river valleys, volcanic dykes, and impassable karst areas, its steep valleys and abrupt fault lines make it an ideal terrain for rebellion.
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  • The hotel has only 1.5 *, our tour operator papaya tours has also changed to our detriment. We should in the Villa El Salton, which lies in the middle of the nature. A miserable Exchange at our expense.
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  • It was an amazing experience!! The views, the walk (despite being exhausted, thought I wasn´t gonna make it!!), the people you meet along the way, and the Ecotur staff at Santo Domingo. It´s a great s...  read more »
  • A very interesting path on the trail of a milestone of the Cuban revolution. Very knowledgeable guides explain historical and natural aspects.
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