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Sierra Maestra, Santiago de Cuba Province

(4.2/5 based on 75+ reviews on the web)
Sierra Maestra is a mountain range that runs westward across the south of the old Oriente Province from what is now Guantánamo Province to Niquero in southeast Cuba, rising abruptly from the coast. Some view it as a series of connecting ranges (Vela, Santa Catalina, Quemado Grande, Daña Mariana), which joins with others extending to the west. The Sierra Maestra is the highest area of Cuba. It is rich in minerals, especially copper, manganese, chromium, and iron. At 1,974 m (6,476 ft), Pico Turquino is the range's highest point.OrographyCuba rides on a separate tectonic plate, which originally was in the Pacific Ocean but (after crossing between the then separated Americas) crashed into Florida. This along with several other violent events (including volcanic activity, the crash of the comet Chicxulub, and earthquakes the Sierra Maestra is immediately north of the Bartlett Deep, or Cayman Trench on the main Caribbean Plate) fractured huge slabs of rocks. Enormous tsunamis presumably from the volcanoes on the Canary Islands carved great steps on the coast. All this caused emergence of these mountains in a complex process that included lifting up of now cave-ridden calcareous deposits, and the development of the Bartlett Deep or Cayman Trough. Originally heavily forested and divided by deep river valleys, volcanic dykes, and impassable karst areas, its steep valleys and abrupt fault lines make it an ideal terrain for rebellion.
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  • We stayed three nights at Heydi-en la montagne. We felt really comfortable, Heydi neighbors have declared us sugar cane and coffee cultivation, and we could ride through the River Valley. The people are very nice and warm, it has provided the feeling to belong to the family. We walked on the street the way up on the mountain and enjoyed the amazing view
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  • We stayed two nights in a casa in the middle of the Sierra Maestra. One day we took a guided tour to Comandancia de la Plata which was a very interesting experience. Nature and history at the same time with a look at Fidel's old bed that icing on day two, we took a long walk along a Creek in the mountains, incredibly quiet and beautiful, lots of animals and birds as well as some small show ponds. Wonderful!
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  • I visited Comandancia de la Plata on a tour arranged by Anley Rosales at Bayamo Travel Agent in Bayamo. The tour was interesting for the countryside and mountain scenery, the small museum and the hist...  more »