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Sierra Maestra, Santiago de Cuba Province

(4.2/5 based on 70+ reviews on the web)
Sierra Maestra is a mountain range that runs westward across the south of the old Oriente Province from what is now Guantánamo Province to Niquero in southeast Cuba, rising abruptly from the coast. Some view it as a series of connecting ranges (Vela, Santa Catalina, Quemado Grande, Daña Mariana), which joins with others extending to the west. The Sierra Maestra is the highest area of Cuba. It is rich in minerals, especially copper, manganese, chromium, and iron. At 1,974 m (6,476 ft), Pico Turquino is the range's highest point.OrographyCuba rides on a separate tectonic plate, which originally was in the Pacific Ocean but (after crossing between the then separated Americas) crashed into Florida. This along with several other violent events (including volcanic activity, the crash of the comet Chicxulub, and earthquakes the Sierra Maestra is immediately north of the Bartlett Deep, or Cayman Trench on the main Caribbean Plate) fractured huge slabs of rocks. Enormous tsunamis presumably from the volcanoes on the Canary Islands carved great steps on the coast. All this caused emergence of these mountains in a complex process that included lifting up of now cave-ridden calcareous deposits, and the development of the Bartlett Deep or Cayman Trough. Originally heavily forested and divided by deep river valleys, volcanic dykes, and impassable karst areas, its steep valleys and abrupt fault lines make it an ideal terrain for rebellion.
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Plans in Santiago de Cuba Province by other users

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  • Je wordt per auto over de steilste weg in Cuba naar het begin van het pad gebracht. Dan met een gids verder. De wandeling zelf heeft iets weg van een klautertocht. We zijn de pensioenleeftijd ernstig ...  more »
  • While the Dhike to the Commandancia de la Plata is full of history and beauty, the hike to Pico Turquino was the best experience I have had in my 15 years going to Cuba. The views were majestic and th...  more »
  • A nice walk to the whereabouts of Fidel Castro during the revolution. Walk is to do very well and you do there really is no top athlete. Do have good shoes with profile. Especially if it has rained are good shoes is very important!!
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