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Sogamoso

Sogamoso is a city in the Boyacá Department of Colombia.The origin of Sogamoso goes back in the Chibcha´s cosmogony, to the creation of the Sun. In the valley of Iraca (or Sogamoso) the Sun was born. Sogamoso was a religious center of the Muiscas, Indians of the Cundinamarca and Boyaca highlands, as they reminds, it the Archaeological Park built in the place that occupied the necropolis Temple of the Sun.The myth of Sugamuxi that recreates the origin of the two gods of the region of Iraca—Ramiriquí and Iraca- was picked up by the chronist Father Pedro Simón in his News Records of the New Reino of Granada , and the German countess summarizes this way, Gertrud von Podewils Dürniz, in her work Chigys Mie (that means last Things in language music").It mentions "Darkness still continued reigning on the earth, and the men lived in eternal night. Iraca sent to Ramiriquí to heaven to enlighten the world, and called him Súa. But his clear light only shone by day, because running from one in the sky, the evening was hidden behind the hills, leaving the earth of the Chibcha plugged in the darkness and mourning. Seeing that, the lord of Iraca flew in person to the sky to give light on whether, and Chia calling shine at night when Shua hides. ' ".The chronist of Indias Lucas Fernández of Piedrahita, describes this way to Sogamoso for the time of the Spanish conquest: It is almost entirely flat land, dilated in good proportion, and the best and more fertile the New Kingdom of Granada. Fertilize this province with its waters, and divide it in two parts, the brave river Sogamoso whose origin distributed the cities of Tunja and Toca, which recognizes its principles. This province runs for the slopes of the mountain range that it serves as boundary between the Plains and New Kingdom, with very healthy temple in which were populated different nations subject to Sogamoso, and the whole distance to reached all the way or reaching your lordship is the holy land called, dead in it, as they said, the first interpreter Bochica of their religion, leaving heirs of their power to the chiefs who succeeded him, although the Indians of that province referred to in the case of this.
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