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Ocaña is a town and municipality in the Colombian Department of Norte de Santander. Ocaña is the second largest populated center of this department. It played an important role during the Independence of Colombia from the Spanish monarchy.HistoryThe city was founded by Francisco Fernández de Contreras. In 1576 the city was moved to its present location. On April 9, 1828 the National Convention met to discuss the politic and administrative organization of the Republic.Geography and climate Location:. The city of Ocaña is 610 km from Bogotá. Surface: 460 km2, 2.2% of the North Santander Department total area Height: 1,202 meters on the level of the sea Ocaña are on the Andean Eastern mountain range. The 2,600 mountains surround that reach msnm. Its average temperature is 22 °C.EconomyThe main economic activities are agriculture, the livestock raising, commerce, small industries and mining, with silver operation, copper and iron. The city is served by the Aguas Claras airport.
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