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Inirida

Iñírida, formerly Puerto Iñírida, is the capital city, and a municipality, of the department of Guainía in Colombia. It was established in 1963 on the site of the small village of Obando, at the time in the municipality of San Felipe. The municipality was renamed in 1974. The municipal population of 10,891 (census 2005) is mostly indigenous and accounts for about a third of the department's population.HistoryIñirida and its surroundings are well known for having been visited by the great Alexander Von Humboldt around the 1800s; at that time he was the one who discovered the "Estrella Fluvial del oriente", which is the join of three different rivers that end up being part of the Orinoco river. Prior to 1960 there was little development in the area which was sparsely populated by almost entirely indigenous people. However, in the 1990s and 2000s with increased exploitation of the area’s natural resources, efforts have been made to control the local population. The increased military presence was in part because the area was deemed to be a FARC stronghold.GeographyLocated in the llanos at the confluence of the Inírida River and Guaviare River, most of the territory of the municipality of Puerto Iñírida is river terrace and bottomland, although there are some hills. It is just 30 km from the Venezuelan border.EconomyThe main economic activities in the municipality, aside from government, are agriculture, fishing and cattle raising. Agriculture includes subsistence farming, the production of fiber from the petioles of the young chiquichiqui palm (Bactris speciosa), used for rope, and the rattan known as "Yaré" used for furniture and baskets. After a violent period of time that affected Colombia in the 90's, now tourists from different places are returning for several activities that include; fishing, canoeing, sightseeing and hiking. Hotels and hostels have appeared as national and international visitors continue to come. Handicrafts have now become a popular industry, and is being supported by government institutions.
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