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Zhenjiang

Trip Planner Asia  /  China  /  Jiangsu  /  Zhenjiang
Zhenjiang is a city in Jiangsu province, in eastern China. Sitting on the southern bank of the Yangtze River, Zhenjiang is governed as a prefecture-level city and was formally the provincial capital of Jiangsu before being replaced by Nanjing. It borders Nanjing to the west, Changzhou to the east, and Yangzhou across the river to the north.Once known as "Jingjiang" or "Jingkou", Zhenjiang is today an important transportation hub, owing to its location near the intersection of the Yangtze River and the Grand Canal.HistoryZhenjiang was the seat of feudal domains from the 8th century BC onwards, known first as Yi and later as Zhufang and Guyang. After it was captured by Qin Shi Huang, the first Chinese emperor, in 221 BC, it became a county town and was given the name Dantu. It became the seat of a higher administrative division during the middle of the 3rd Century BC. Conquered by the Sui dynasty in 581 AD, it was made a garrison to guard the entrance to the Yangtze River, hence its name which means "Garrison River". In 595 it became a full county or jun (郡). Its importance grew with the building of a precursor to the Grand Canal, when it became the chief collection and forwarding center for tax grain paid by residents of the Yangtse delta region.The city reached its zenith under the Song dynasty (960-1279), when it produced fine silks, satins, and silverware for the emperors. In a garden estate on the outskirts of Zhenjiang, the scientist and statesman Shen Kuo (1031-1095 AD) lived the rest of his days in isolation, where he wrote his famous Dream Pool Essays (1088). In about 1300, a census reported that some Nestorian Christians were living in Zhenjiang.
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