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Trip Planner Asia  /  China  /  Shandong  /  Rongcheng
(3.8/5 based on 110+ reviews for top 10 attractions)
Things to do: nature, historic sites, religious sites
荣成市为中国山东省下辖县级市,仍属威海地级市管辖。2012年,福布斯将荣成市评为中国大陆最佳县级城市第14名。。荣成市位于山东半岛的最东端,东、南、北三面环海,海岸线长487公里,与韩国隔海相望,是中国距韩国最近的地区。历史据史料记载,荣成在新石器时代就有人类聚居。西汉汉高祖六年(前201年)置不夜县,属东莱郡,不夜县的遗址位于今荣成市埠柳镇不夜村南,东距成山头約30公里。清雍正十三年(1735)裁成山卫设县,雍正帝钦赐名荣成,荣成县名自此开始。新中国成立后,1950年6月荣成隶属山东省文登专区,1956年隶属莱阳专区,1958年改属烟台专区,1987年改属威海市,1988年12月,经国务院批准,荣成撤县设市,仍属威海市管辖。。行政区域荣成市有12镇(人和镇、成山镇、滕家镇、埠柳镇、俚岛镇、大疃镇、崖西镇、港西镇、夏庄镇、虎山镇、上庄镇与荫子镇)、10个街道(港湾办事处、斥山办事处、东山办事处、王连办事处、桃园办事处、宁津办事处、崖头办事处、寻山办事处、崂山办事处和城西办事处),826个村民委员会、125个居民委员会,10个街道办事处中港湾、桃园、东山、斥山、王连和宁津6个办事处由石岛管理区(派出机构)管理。 。交通荣成有石岛、龙眼两个一类开放港口,现已开通至韩国平泽、仁川的客货班轮,至日本大阪、博多、门司、关东、关西、韩国釜山、新加坡、香港等港口的全集装箱班轮航线。 荣成到青岛流亭机场约252.6公里,到烟台莱山机场约132.4公里,到威海机场约24.5公里。青岛流亭机场已开通首尔、东京、香港等8个国际(地区)城市航线 。威海机场亦已开通威海至汉城航线。地理环境荣成地处胶东低山丘陵区的东端,海拔虽不甚高,但地形复杂,群山连绵、丘陵起伏、沟壑纵横。有山地、丘陵、平原三种地貌类型,其中山地占全市土地总面积的33.5%, 丘陵占50.4%,平原占16.1%,山脉大都呈东西走向。荣成境内主要有成山山脉、伟德山山脉、邹山山脉、龙庙山山脉、朝阳洞山山脉、斥山山脉和槎山山脉位7只山脉。人口民族据统计,2011年末全市共有户数239,324户,户籍总人口为670,780人,比上年减少1,877人,其中:男性335,256人,女性335,524人。2011年全市共出生人口3,844人,人口出生率为5.73‰;共死亡人口5,661人,死亡率为8.44‰。人口自然增长率为-2.71‰。清朝前,荣成境内几乎全为汉族,即使少数蒙古族、彝族人也放弃自己的民族,与汉民族同化并互通婚姻。如哈嗒贴木儿,山后上都人,蒙古族,明建文四年(1402年)以靖难功晋金吾左卫指挥使,赐姓潘。明宣德十年(1435年)调靖海卫指挥使,入靖海卫籍,以潘姓行世,改奉汉族习俗。拜扬思郎,蒙古族,以靖难功授千户,后升靖海卫指挥佥事,到卫后改名伯忠,其后代遂以伯为姓,改奉汉族习俗。类似上述情况,多发生在建卫初期。由于这些少数民族的后代长期生活在汉民族中间,特别清王朝建立后,他们失去了世袭特权,无论生活习俗,还是语言文字,都与汉民族同化,失去了原民族的特征。
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