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Kong Mansion, Qufu

(3.5/5 based on 75+ reviews on the web)
The Kong Family Mansion was the historical residence of the direct descendants of Confucius in the City of Qufu, the hometown of Confucius in Shandong Province, China. The extant structures mainly date from the Ming and Qing dynasties. From the mansion, the family tended to the Confucian sites in Qufu and also governed the largest private rural estate in China. The Kong family was in charge of conducting elaborate religious ceremonies on occasions such as plantings, harvests, honoring the dead, and birthdays. Today, the mansion is a museum and part of the UNESCO World Heritage Site "Temple and Cemetery of Confucius and the Kong Family Mansion in Qufu".LayoutThe mansion is located immediately to the east of the Temple of Confucius to which it had been formerly connected. The layout of the mansion is traditionally Chinese and separates official spaces in the style of a Yamen in the front of the complex from the residential quarters in the rear. Besides the yamen and the inner quarters, the complex also contains an eastern and a western study as well as a back garden. Within this overall arrangement, the spatial distribution of the buildings according to the seniority, gender, and status of their inhabitants reflects the Confucian principle of order and hierarchy: The most senior descendant of Confucius took up residence in the central of the three main buildings; his younger brother occupied the Yi Gun hall to the east. The eastern study was used by the Duke of Yansheng to meet official guests and worship his ancestors. The western study was used by the family for study, meals, and entertaining friends. In its present layout, the mansion comprises 152 buildings with 480 rooms, which cover an area of 12470m2. Its tallest structure is the 4-story refuge tower that was designed as a shelter during an attack but was never used. The mansion houses an archive with about 60,000 documents related to the life in the mansion over a period of 400 years during the Ming and Qing dynasties.
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Reviews
TripAdvisor
  • Of the three sights, Kong Mansion is the least exciting. It is quite mundane and if possible should be done first, if you are doing all three or not at all if you aren't fussed. The garden out the bac...  more »
  • 孔府是三孔景点之一,是衍圣公办公和居住的地方。据说是国内现存最大的贵族府第。主要是可以了解孔子后人的一些历史,以及封建王朝对孔家的重视。 
  • From an historical point of view, this was well worth the visit. Right next to the temple it could just be considered part of the same complex. Well preserved and restored I enjoyed spending a couple ...  more »